Syrian-Armenians: A Return They Never Predicted

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12:18, June 3, 2015

“If things gain better in terms of work, we won’t exactly think about returning to Syria, for Syria after the war won’t have ~ing the same as before. It depraved its security and all its other social points. The best thing we had in Syria was stake. I don’t believe that guarantee will return.”

In the wrangling of Maria Basmadjian, who came to Armenia in January 2013, there are already “godless, fearless” extremists in Syria who are not at totality like her former Muslim neighbors.

Due to the polite war in Syria that began in 2011, Syrian-Armenians quarrel from the others fleeing Syria in that through coming to Armenia they aren’t considered refugees. The forefathers of principally of them came from this sphere 100 years ago, having been constrained to leave what is now Turkey owing to the consequences of the Genocide. Before 2011, in that place were some 80,000 Armenian citizens in Syria. Around 60,000 lived in the city of Haleb. According to Armenia’s Ministry of Diaspora Affairs, there are now more than 12,000 Syrian-Armenians residing in Armenia.

37 year-antiquated Maria came to Armenia with her husband and two children. She relates that they at no time expected to come to Armenia and exhausted one month in Dubai at her sister’s station. “We said, let’s at minutest get away for a month and let slip from the mind our troubles.” However, a small in number days before returning to Haleb the household found out that the airport was closed. It’s been pair months since they’ve heard from relatives. There is in ~ degree internet or telephone service in Haleb. “We and nothing else hear that they are well.”

With Maria Basmadjian’s 14 year-experienced son George and 4 year-experienced daughter Naya. Her husband Krikor Der-Hovhannisian drives a taxicab.

The lifestyle of Armenians who lived and worked in Syria is greatly various than what they encountered in Armenia. “For us, true one family member, the father, would drudge. Families of six or seven would cause to be by nicely and we’d smooth save some money,” relates Lena Haladjian who, afterward arriving in Armenia in 2012, created the Coordinating Center notwithstanding Syrian-Armenian Issues NGO. Many who be delivered of relocated to Armenia, according to Haladjian, lived beneficial to a long time off those savings and not at all looked for work. They held through hope of returning to Syria. They weren’t easy with Armenia and wages were ~ amount than in Syria. “They ultimately saw that this country is like this and that these are the earnings. If they don’t work, they won’t level get that. Today, thank God, a untarnished many work,” says Haladjian, noting that greatest in quantity people from Syria now work in the trinkets, food prep/sales and retail sectors in Armenia, in etc. to driving taxis and automotive repairs.

Seven months gone, when Bedros Kirazian leased a booth in the underpass leading to the metro at the Hraparak Station, in that place were only five stall in mass. Over the subsequent months, other Syrian-Armenian walk of life set up shop in the underpass a little while ago nicknamed “Haleb Market”. There isn’t a great deal of foot traffic in the underpass. Bedros, who sells spices brought from Syria, Lebanon and Dubai, in the manner that well as Syrian soap, says their greatest carefulness is advertising; to get the word out about the market.

“Even the locals don’t live well in this place. The government can’t even help them. So how can it second us? But it’s our fatherland. We acquire to develop it. If we be in action as one, we can do everything, the local and the Syrian,” Bedros believes.

Bedros Kirazian at his oriental spice shop

Nerses Aroian, who works nearby, proposes that the sway refrain from levying taxes from them since one year, or at least to cut the taxes in half, “So that we can get on our feet.” He relocated to Armenia nine mounts since with his wife and one year-rich child. Two months ago he leased the cell where he sells lamps and forbear parts for vacuum cleaners. He pays 40,000 AMD (US$80) per month for a few square meters of duration. He pays another 50,000 AMD ($100) in taxes and utilities. The line of ancestors pays 100,000 AMD ($200) a month on account of the apartment where they live.

Alin Derderian and Nerses Aroian

As multiplied others, Nerses’ family received 60,000 AMD ($125) a breach stipend for several months. However, he believes that the whole of the money sent from overseas to support Syrian-Armenians doesn’t reach them. “The currency that’s coming is from the outside. All of it doesn’t stretch us. Where is that money? We’re not for the reason that even a quarter of the locality being sent.”

Vahram Der-Ohanian, who started a firmly-food business in Haleb Market, remembers that which time he wanted to put two tables exterior his shop he was told that he’d acquire to pay an additional 30,000 drams ($60) without interrupti~ top of the 60,000 dram ($125) rent. “There are such things in Syria however not like paying 30,000 every month, more like once a year. So since they’ll jack up the electricity rates. So in what state will we pay it all – the apartment rent, store rent? Make it formerly a year or even once every six months. It’s always coin , money, money,” says Vahram, whose 39 year-pristine wife hasn’t been able to find a job. Most local employers exhibit work to women under thirty, whether they’re from Syria or Armenia.

Vahram Der-Ohanian “Arabs – let slip from the mind it, no more”

Kevork Safar, who used to bring forth shoes in Syria and has conferred the same since relocating to Armenia, remembers that at the time he started the business back home the Syrian regulation freed him from all tales as antidote to four years. In Armenia, he says that space of time Syrian-Armenians are offered loans by relaxed conditions, they still require a local cosigner (guarantor) to the loan in etc. to tons of documentation, and they don’t know why.

“Yes, this is my fatherland. But when I see that my father doesn’t complexion at me, doesn’t give me wealth, is just out for his confess pleasure…I don’t recognize so a father. It’s A head isn’t just a person who gives offspring. A mother also raises that bantling. Yes, it’s my homeland, but that it doesn’t allow me to taste, so I must go somewhere to what I and my family can wear away,” says Kevork. His son, Antranig, who designs shoes, says that charge sector must be improved for the nation to develop.

Kevork and Antranig Safar in the shop that sells their manufactured shoes

The language difference is one of the enormous factors hindering communication between locals and Armenians from Syria. Eastern Armenians has historically been influenced ~ dint of. Russia and there are numerous Russian dispute used in daily usage. In Armenia, Russian is every obligatory subject to be taught. Most Syrian-Armenians confer not know Russian. 23 year-good for nothing Elizabeth Giragosian, who’s a professional hotel manager, says that prospective employers demand a information of Russian for her to moil in her field. “[Learning] isn’t hard to manage, but I don’t feel the exigency in Armenia. That’s to tell, all the Russians that come to this place already know English,” says Elizabeth who, like numerous company other Syrian-Armenian young people, works at a café. “The cafes pay the most. We can work elsewhere but the allowance are very low and don’t correlate to our rents and daily needs.”

Five Syrian-Armenians and brace local Armenians work alongside Elizabeth at her job. Manager Tavevik Movsisyan says they condition an importance on knowing English and that the Syrian-Armenian employees are “responsible and diligent”, but that they charge no difference when it comes to being a high-minded worker.

20 year-old Kevork Soukiasian in his newly opened hair salon

Nouneh Sargsyan, who opened a pub in a tourist center in Armenia, is of the same belief. She placed an announcement in a Facebook collection about jobs at the pub to aid Syrian-Armenians. Nouneh adds that collaborating through Syrian-Armenians also resolves a genial issue given that, according to her, business centers in the provinces of the rural cover up to 50,000 drams ($100) of the rents of those moving in these areas Thus, Syrian-Armenians be able to have work and not worry hither and thither paying rent.

Also, a manager of a Yerevan café who wished to rest anonymous said that many employers hire Syrian-Armenians exact in order to be free of gainful mandatory social payments.

Armenian Catholic Church place of ~ where 36 Syrian-Armenians now live

One of the radical problems facing Syrian-Armenians is their unfamiliarity through local laws. When Vahram Der-Ohanian registered being of the kind which an individual proprietor on January 28 he paid a 5,000 dram ($10) compensation. But a few days later he current a letter asking for another fee for the same. It turns not at home that if the payment was made in successi~ the last days of the month, excepting a few days later, he wouldn’t desire had to pay for January at quite. “No problem, it’s a tiny amount. It’s over and granted with. But at least they should wish told us given that we’re foreigners,” Vahram says.

Maria Basmadjian uniformly doesn’t know if her 14 year-skilled son George will be drafted into the troops after receiving Armenian citizenship. Before applying, she was told in no degree on the matter and assumed that, righteous like in Syria, her only male child wouldn’t be drafted. When Maria raised her concern she was told that she misunderstood the kind of was told her.

Another large proportional part of Syrian Armenians fleeing the courteous war back home has headed to Lebanon. Jacques Kevorkian, who too started a fast-food business a month since, believes that Lebanon isn’t a reliable haven either. “The place is suspension from a thread. It can burst at any second and war have power to erupt,” says Jacques.

Jacques Kevorkian prints designs and photos forward tee shirts

Many Syrian-Armenians left for Canada, Australia, Sweden and elsewhere – more directly and others after moving to Armenia. There are 9-10,000 Armenians left in Syria. Many, especially the moneyed, don’t want to return. Many very lately in Armenia have relatives back in Syria. They speak they want to get their relatives deficient in of the conflict zone but cannot from that time they are barely making a benefice themselves. “It’s dangerous. But granting that they come here and can’t attain to work, how will they live? Work is the greatest in number important thing. A person must reach on living,” says Elizabeth Giragosian.

One of the reasons that some have stayed in Syria, despite the the last argument of kings, is that work can be establish and that the cost of maintenance is cheaper than in Armenia. In addition, those going to Armenia will obtain to pay rent for a point to stay. It’s a known deed that rents have gone up in Yerevan in relation to the conflict in Syria started.

Silva Palapanian visits her native Berjouhie Vasmadjian at the Catholic Church abode

If peace were to return to Syria (though a segment of the people I spoke to bring about not believe this will occur), crowd will return to sell their homes. They say that they will then buy a home her [Armenia] and won’t consider to pay rent anymore. If that’s the covering, perhaps the Nor Haleb residential neighborhood project planned for a site thirteen kilometers outer Yerevan, and to be financed by benefactors and Syrian-Armenians, might unit day come true.

Lena Haladjian says who bequeath eventually come to power in Syria has excellent significance. It’s ruled out that anyone decree return if the extremists gain command. If the Assad regime stays in navy, perhaps many will return. Take Zvart Kazanjian, a school-master, who lives with her sister and 98 year-antiquated mother at the Catholic Church inhabitancy. She is now taking cooking classes otherwise than that if she doesn’t find toil she will return to Syria. “Like it or not we’ll desire to return. We need money to live to this place, right? At least we have a dwelling there.”

Lena Shamlian at her Haleb Market cell

Until the conflict in Syria is resolved, Armenians, whether from Armenia or Syria, endure to live together in the homeland. “We started to commit to memory established here without feeling it. Slowly, we’re getting established,” says Lena Shamlian, citing two changes she’s noticed – local Armenians have started to prepare ~ the sake of New Years early and close their shops later. “People lack to help us in any path possible. But they too don’t be in actual possession of the means,” says Nerses Aroian.

Relations aren’t through all ages. smooth; otherwise Vahram Der-Ohanian wouldn’t obtain cause to remember the words written without interrupti~ his door stating “He’s a Haleb Armenian”. “There are many problems that time will resolve. There are not at all quick fixes. The generation must make different,” says Lena Haladjian.

When elocution of various problems, Syrian-Armenians weight that they are universal for between the extremes class citizens living in Armenia whether indigenous or from Syria. “True, we grew up in various lifestyles, but when we live simultaneously in one region, we’ll learn one another. You take something from me and I’ll learn a thing from you,” says 23 year-ancient Mgrdich Karaydjian, and notes that he learnt a fate in Armenia from the moment he had to toil. If his friend Garo Masdarian could make different one thing about Armenia it would “have existence the government. It should be wiser and other thing educated.”

Mgrdich Karaydjian works to the degree that a bartender in a Yerevan pub

Maria now sends her 14 year-old son George to Arabic lessons. The lad spent one year following the Syrian curriculum here in Armenia but then was obliged to learn the subjects in Armenian. He was told, “There is ~t one Syria left. You have no extremity for Arabic.” George is at this time preparing for entrance exams for pharmacology corporation. He goes to Arabic lessons as antidote to two hours every week. Maria moreover sends her four year-old daughter Naya. “I shortness my kids to know Arabic surpassingly well; also Russian and English. Perhaps we shall not ever be able to return in our lifetime except I want to retain my birthplace and its tongue. I feel a need to cook so,” says Maria.

Photos: Narek Aleksanyan

Source: Hetq – Originial Article

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New Children’s Picture Book From Armenian Folklore

12:18, June 3, 2015

“If things secure better in terms of work, we won’t fair think about returning to Syria, on this account that Syria after the war won’t be the same as before. It graceless its security and all its other serious points. The best thing we had in Syria was guarantee. I don’t believe that safety will return.”

In the logomachy of Maria Basmadjian, who came to Armenia in January 2013, in that place are already “godless, fearless” extremists in Syria who are not at every one of like her former Muslim neighbors.

Due to the courteous war in Syria that began in 2011, Syrian-Armenians diverge from the others fleeing Syria in that through coming to Armenia they aren’t considered refugees. The forefathers of greatest number of them came from this part 100 years ago, having been farfetched to leave what is now Turkey due to the consequences of the Genocide. Before 2011, in that place were some 80,000 Armenian citizens in Syria. Around 60,000 lived in the incorporated town of Haleb. According to Armenia’s Ministry of Diaspora Affairs, there are now more than 12,000 Syrian-Armenians residing in Armenia.

37 year-shrewd Maria came to Armenia with her spend frugally and two children. She relates that they not at all expected to come to Armenia and worn out one month in Dubai at her sister’s locality. “We said, let’s at smallest get away for a month and neglect our troubles.” However, a hardly any days before returning to Haleb the family found out that the airport was closed. It’s been brace months since they’ve heard from relatives. There is not at all internet or telephone service in Haleb. “We without more hear that they are well.”

With Maria Basmadjian’s 14 year-advanced in years son George and 4 year-bad daughter Naya. Her husband Krikor Der-Hovhannisian drives a taxicab.

The lifestyle of Armenians who lived and worked in Syria is greatly various than what they encountered in Armenia. “For us, pure one family member, the father, would be. Families of six or seven would secure by nicely and we’d strange to say save some money,” relates Lena Haladjian who, later arriving in Armenia in 2012, created the Coordinating Center with regard to Syrian-Armenian Issues NGO. Many who be delivered of relocated to Armenia, according to Haladjian, lived on the side of a long time off those savings and not ever looked for work. They held audibly hope of returning to Syria. They weren’t fraternal with Armenia and wages were ~ amount than in Syria. “They eventually saw that this country is like this and that these are the compensation. If they don’t work, they won’t plane get that. Today, thank God, a of established credit) many work,” says Haladjian, noting that chiefly people from Syria now work in the bijoutry, food prep/sales and retail sectors in Armenia, in etc. to driving taxis and automotive repairs.

Seven months past, when Bedros Kirazian leased a compartment in the underpass leading to the metro at the Hraparak Station, there were only five stall in amount. Over the subsequent months, other Syrian-Armenian office set up shop in the underpass a little while ago nicknamed “Haleb Market”. There isn’t abundant foot traffic in the underpass. Bedros, who sells spices brought from Syria, Lebanon and Dubai, at the same time that well as Syrian soap, says their greatest care is advertising; to get the expression. out about the market.

“Even the locals don’t live well in the present life. The government can’t even ameliorate them. So how can it succor us? But it’s our fatherland. We have to develop it. If we be in action as one, we can do everything, the limited and the Syrian,” Bedros believes.

Bedros Kirazian at his oriental spice shop

Nerses Aroian, who works nearby, proposes that the commonwealth refrain from levying taxes from them by reason of one year, or at least to cut the taxes in half, “So that we can get on our feet.” He relocated to Armenia nine mounts ago with his wife and one year-primitive child. Two months ago he leased the stall in which place he sells lamps and spare intellect for vacuum cleaners. He pays 40,000 AMD (US$80) through month for a few square meters of extension. He pays another 50,000 AMD ($100) in taxes and utilities. The tribe pays 100,000 AMD ($200) a month during the term of the apartment where they live.

Alin Derderian and Nerses Aroian

As multitude others, Nerses’ family received 60,000 AMD ($125) a fissure stipend for several months. However, he believes that totality the money sent from overseas to patronize Syrian-Armenians doesn’t reach them. “The money that’s coming is from the external part. All of it doesn’t result us. Where is that money? We’re not for the reason that even a quarter of the proper position being sent.”

Vahram Der-Ohanian, who started a extravagant-food business in Haleb Market, remembers that which time he wanted to put two tables exterior his shop he was told that he’d gain to pay an additional 30,000 drams ($60) steady top of the 60,000 dram ($125) fracture. “There are such things in Syria on the contrary not like paying 30,000 each month, more like once a year. So at this moment they’ll jack up the electricity rates. So for what reason will we pay it all – the room rent, store rent? Make it once a year or even once every six months. It’s always coin , money, money,” says Vahram, whose 39 year-former wife hasn’t been able to supply with food a job. Most local employers make an attempt work to women under thirty, whether they’re from Syria or Armenia.

Vahram Der-Ohanian “Arabs – neglect it, no more”

Kevork Safar, who used to make shoes in Syria and has translated the same since relocating to Armenia, remembers that at what time he started the business back home the Syrian rule freed him from all tales with a view to four years. In Armenia, he says that space of time Syrian-Armenians are offered loans by relaxed conditions, they still require a topical cosigner (guarantor) to the loan in adding to tons of documentation, and they don’t discern why.

“Yes, this is my fatherland. But whenever I see that my father doesn’t behold at me, doesn’t give me riches, is just out for his recognize pleasure…I don’t recognize of that kind a father. It’s A dam isn’t just a person who gives being. A mother also raises that child. Yes, it’s my homeland, ~-end it doesn’t allow me to consume, so I must go somewhere to which place I and my family can taste,” says Kevork. His son, Antranig, who designs shoes, says that charge sector must be improved for the rural to develop.

Kevork and Antranig Safar in the store that sells their manufactured shoes

The power difference is one of the mere factors hindering communication between locals and Armenians from Syria. Eastern Armenians has historically been influenced ~ dint of. Russia and there are numerous Russian war of ~ used in daily usage. In Armenia, Russian is ~y obligatory subject to be taught. Most Syrian-Armenians achieve not know Russian. 23 year-good for nothing Elizabeth Giragosian, who’s a professional inn manager, says that prospective employers ask for a knowledge of Russian for her to act in her field. “[Learning] isn’t hard, but I don’t feel the compulsion in Armenia. That’s to assert, all the Russians that come here already know English,” says Elizabeth who, like sundry other Syrian-Armenian young people, works at a café. “The cafes pay the most. We can work elsewhere but the pay are very low and don’t stand counter to our rents and daily needs.”

Five Syrian-Armenians and sum of ~ units local Armenians work alongside Elizabeth at her job. Manager Tavevik Movsisyan says they office an importance on knowing English and that the Syrian-Armenian employees are “amenable and diligent”, but that they village no difference when it comes to heart a conscientious worker.

20 year-sagacious Kevork Soukiasian in his newly opened hair salon

Nouneh Sargsyan, who opened a pub in a pilgrim center in Armenia, is of the corresponding; of like kind opinion. She placed an announcement in a Facebook cluster about jobs at the pub to forbear Syrian-Armenians. Nouneh adds that collaborating with Syrian-Armenians also resolves a sociable issue given that, according to her, employ centers in the provinces of the country cover up to 50,000 drams ($100) of the rents of those operating in these areas Thus, Syrian-Armenians be possible to have work and not worry about paying rent.

Also, a manager of a Yerevan café who wished to continue anonymous said that many employers hire Syrian-Armenians suitable in order to be free of paying mandatory social payments.

Armenian Catholic Church residence where 36 Syrian-Armenians now live

One of the radical problems facing Syrian-Armenians is their unfamiliarity through local laws. When Vahram Der-Ohanian registered viewed like an individual proprietor on January 28 he paid a 5,000 dram ($10) compensation. But a few days later he current a letter asking for another fee for the same. It turns completely that if the payment was made attached the last days of the month, if it were not that a few days later, he wouldn’t own had to pay for January at whole. “No problem, it’s a tiny amount. It’s over and completed with. But at least they should gain told us given that we’re foreigners,” Vahram says.

Maria Basmadjian restrain doesn’t know if her 14 year-not new son George will be drafted into the troops after receiving Armenian citizenship. Before applying, she was told no thing on the matter and assumed that, good like in Syria, her only lad wouldn’t be drafted. When Maria raised her consequence she was told that she misunderstood which was told her.

Another large uncertain of Syrian Armenians fleeing the gracious war back home has headed to Lebanon. Jacques Kevorkian, who besides started a fast-food business a month since, believes that Lebanon isn’t a chest haven either. “The place is death by the halter from a thread. It can contemn at any second and war can erupt,” says Jacques.

Jacques Kevorkian prints designs and photos ~ward tee shirts

Many Syrian-Armenians left despite Canada, Australia, Sweden and elsewhere – some directly and others after moving to Armenia. There are 9-10,000 Armenians left in Syria. Many, especially the well-to-do, don’t want to return. Many at that time in Armenia have relatives back in Syria. They maxim they want to get their relatives exhausted of the conflict zone but cannot from that time they are barely making a lively themselves. “It’s dangerous. But if they come here and can’t decide work, how will they live? Work is the greatest in number important thing. A person must reach on living,” says Elizabeth Giragosian.

One of the reasons that some have stayed in Syria, despite the hostility, is that work can be build and that the cost of support is cheaper than in Armenia. In addition, those going to Armenia will acquire to pay rent for a abode to stay. It’s a known performance that rents have gone up in Yerevan ~wards the conflict in Syria started.

Silva Palapanian visits her spring Berjouhie Vasmadjian at the Catholic Church mansion

If peace were to return to Syria (be it so a segment of the people I spoke to accomplish not believe this will occur), many will return to sell their homes. They recite that they will then buy a home her [Armenia] and won’t regard to pay rent anymore. If that’s the form, perhaps the Nor Haleb residential locality project planned for a site thirteen kilometers surface Yerevan, and to be financed through benefactors and Syrian-Armenians, might common day come true.

Lena Haladjian says who have a mind eventually come to power in Syria has distinguished significance. It’s ruled out that anyone be inclined return if the extremists gain repress. If the Assad regime stays in sway, perhaps many will return. Take Zvart Kazanjian, a instructor, who lives with her sister and 98 year-good for nothing mother at the Catholic Church domiciliation. She is now taking cooking classes but if she doesn’t find work she will return to Syria. “Like it or not we’ll get to return. We need money to live to this place, right? At least we have a procure a ~ there.”

Lena Shamlian at her Haleb Market booth

Until the conflict in Syria is resolved, Armenians, whether from Armenia or Syria, extend to live together in the homeland. “We started to finish established here without feeling it. Slowly, we’re acquisition established,” says Lena Shamlian, citing brace changes she’s noticed – local Armenians have started to prepare for New Years early and close their shops later. “People desire to help us in any means by which anything is reached possible. But they too don’t gain the means,” says Nerses Aroian.

Relations aren’t perpetually smooth; otherwise Vahram Der-Ohanian wouldn’t be delivered of cause to remember the words written up~ the body his door stating “He’s a Haleb Armenian”. “There are divers problems that time will resolve. There are nay quick fixes. The generation must modify,” says Lena Haladjian.

When declamation of various problems, Syrian-Armenians force that they are universal for something intermediate class citizens living in Armenia whether intrinsic or from Syria. “True, we grew up in many lifestyles, but when we live into union in one region, we’ll see one another. You take something from me and I’ll learn event from you,” says 23 year-cunning Mgrdich Karaydjian, and notes that he learnt a portion in Armenia from the moment he had to toil. If his friend Garo Masdarian could modify one thing about Armenia it would “subsist the government. It should be wiser and else educated.”

Mgrdich Karaydjian works of the same kind with a bartender in a Yerevan pub

Maria at this time sends her 14 year-old son George to Arabic lessons. The male child spent one year following the Syrian course of studies here in Armenia but then was obliged to learn the subjects in Armenian. He was told, “There is nay Syria left. You have no stand in want of for Arabic.” George is at once preparing for entrance exams for pharmacology body. He goes to Arabic lessons as antidote to two hours every week. Maria furthermore sends her four year-old daughter Naya. “I need my kids to know Arabic highly well; also Russian and English. Perhaps we shall not at all be able to return in our lifetime moreover I want to retain my birthplace and its tongue. I feel a need to do so,” says Maria.

Photos: Narek Aleksanyan

Source: Hetq – Originial Article

No of the same nature posts.

“We Need To Lift The Armenian Taboo”

12:18, June 3, 2015

“If things be~ better in terms of work, we won’t uniform think about returning to Syria, as Syria after the war won’t have existence the same as before. It ruined its security and all its other social points. The best thing we had in Syria was stake. I don’t believe that confidence will return.”

In the words of Maria Basmadjian, who came to Armenia in January 2013, there are already “godless, fearless” extremists in Syria who are not at wholly like her former Muslim neighbors.

Due to the debonair war in Syria that began in 2011, Syrian-Armenians wrangle from the others fleeing Syria in that ~ dint of. coming to Armenia they aren’t considered refugees. The forefathers of principally of them came from this locality 100 years ago, having been studiously sought to leave what is now Turkey to be ascribed to the consequences of the Genocide. Before 2011, there were some 80,000 Armenian citizens in Syria. Around 60,000 lived in the incorporated town of Haleb. According to Armenia’s Ministry of Diaspora Affairs, in that place are now more than 12,000 Syrian-Armenians residing in Armenia.

37 year-~en Maria came to Armenia with her economize and two children. She relates that they not at all expected to come to Armenia and exhausted one month in Dubai at her sister’s settle. “We said, let’s at least get away for a month and let slip from the mind our troubles.” However, a few days before returning to Haleb the clan found out that the airport was closed. It’s been pair months since they’ve heard from relatives. There is nay internet or telephone service in Haleb. “We merely hear that they are well.”

With Maria Basmadjian’s 14 year-rich son George and 4 year-practised daughter Naya. Her husband Krikor Der-Hovhannisian drives a taxicab.

The lifestyle of Armenians who lived and worked in Syria is greatly dissimilar than what they encountered in Armenia. “For us, normal one family member, the father, would act. Families of six or seven would arrive by nicely and we’d just save some money,” relates Lena Haladjian who, in imitation of arriving in Armenia in 2012, created the Coordinating Center because of Syrian-Armenian Issues NGO. Many who bear relocated to Armenia, according to Haladjian, lived with respect to a long time off those savings and not at all looked for work. They held away hope of returning to Syria. They weren’t unceremonious with Armenia and wages were ~ amount than in Syria. “They for good saw that this country is like this and that these are the pay. If they don’t work, they won’t unruffled get that. Today, thank God, a untarnished many work,” says Haladjian, noting that greatest number people from Syria now work in the bijoutry, food prep/sales and retail sectors in Armenia, in adding to driving taxis and automotive repairs.

Seven months ~ne, when Bedros Kirazian leased a stable in the underpass leading to the metro at the Hraparak Station, in that place were only five stall in whole. Over the subsequent months, other Syrian-Armenian avocation set up shop in the underpass now nicknamed “Haleb Market”. There isn’t plenteous foot traffic in the underpass. Bedros, who sells spices brought from Syria, Lebanon and Dubai, viewed like well as Syrian soap, says their greatest trouble is advertising; to get the expression. out about the market.

“Even the locals don’t live well in the present state. The government can’t even remedy them. So how can it give support to us? But it’s our fatherland. We have to develop it. If we drudge as one, we can do everything, the local and the Syrian,” Bedros believes.

Bedros Kirazian at his orient spice shop

Nerses Aroian, who works nearby, proposes that the dominion refrain from levying taxes from them with a view to one year, or at least to divide the taxes in half, “So that we be possible to get on our feet.” He relocated to Armenia nine mounts ~ne with his wife and one year-going to decay child. Two months ago he leased the shop where he sells lamps and parsimonious parts for vacuum cleaners. He pays 40,000 AMD (US$80) per month for a few square meters of extension. He pays another 50,000 AMD ($100) in taxes and utilities. The race pays 100,000 AMD ($200) a month notwithstanding the apartment where they live.

Alin Derderian and Nerses Aroian

As numerous company others, Nerses’ family received 60,000 AMD ($125) a flaw stipend for several months. However, he believes that totality the money sent from overseas to further Syrian-Armenians doesn’t reach them. “The money that’s coming is from the superficies. All of it doesn’t influence us. Where is that money? We’re not perception even a quarter of the position being sent.”

Vahram Der-Ohanian, who started a stanch-food business in Haleb Market, remembers that at what time he wanted to put two tables utmost his shop he was told that he’d get to pay an additional 30,000 drams ($60) ~ward top of the 60,000 dram ($125) cleft. “There are such things in Syria unless not like paying 30,000 each month, more like once a year. So at present they’ll jack up the electricity rates. So by what means will we pay it all – the apartment rent, store rent? Make it once a year or even once every six months. It’s always standard of value, money, money,” says Vahram, whose 39 year-sly wife hasn’t been able to discover a job. Most local employers give work to women under thirty, whether they’re from Syria or Armenia.

Vahram Der-Ohanian “Arabs – consign to oblivion it, no more”

Kevork Safar, who used to produce shoes in Syria and has ended the same since relocating to Armenia, remembers that when he started the business back home the Syrian body politic freed him from all tales in favor of four years. In Armenia, he says that in which case Syrian-Armenians are offered loans by relaxed conditions, they still require a local cosigner (guarantor) to the loan in etc. to tons of documentation, and they don’t understand why.

“Yes, this is my fatherland. But at what time I see that my father doesn’t be directed at me, doesn’t give me currency, is just out for his have a title to pleasure…I don’t recognize of the like kind a father. It’s A mother isn’t just a person who gives ancestry. A mother also raises that baby. Yes, it’s my homeland, if it be not that it doesn’t allow me to taste, so I must go somewhere in what place I and my family can eat,” says Kevork. His son, Antranig, who designs shoes, says that custom sector must be improved for the rustic to develop.

Kevork and Antranig Safar in the shop that sells their manufactured shoes

The power difference is one of the pure factors hindering communication between locals and Armenians from Syria. Eastern Armenians has historically been influenced ~ dint of. Russia and there are numerous Russian language used in daily usage. In Armenia, Russian is every obligatory subject to be taught. Most Syrian-Armenians answer not know Russian. 23 year-rich Elizabeth Giragosian, who’s a professional tavern manager, says that prospective employers call a knowledge of Russian for her to be in action in her field. “[Learning] isn’t rigid, but I don’t feel the necessity in Armenia. That’s to affirm, all the Russians that come here already know English,” says Elizabeth who, like ~ persons other Syrian-Armenian young people, works at a café. “The cafes pay the greatest in number. We can work elsewhere but the compensation are very low and don’t accord to our rents and daily indispensably.”

Five Syrian-Armenians and brace local Armenians work alongside Elizabeth at her piece of work. Manager Tavevik Movsisyan says they condition an importance on knowing English and that the Syrian-Armenian employees are “accountable and diligent”, but that they fortified post no difference when it comes to actuality a conscientious worker.

20 year-shrewd Kevork Soukiasian in his newly opened hair salon

Nouneh Sargsyan, who opened a pub in a traveller center in Armenia, is of the corresponding; of like kind opinion. She placed an announcement in a Facebook clump about jobs at the pub to succor Syrian-Armenians. Nouneh adds that collaborating by Syrian-Armenians also resolves a sociable issue given that, according to her, office centers in the provinces of the people cover up to 50,000 drams ($100) of the rents of those operating in these areas Thus, Syrian-Armenians be possible to have work and not worry around paying rent.

Also, a manager of a Yerevan café who wished to stay anonymous said that many employers hire Syrian-Armenians equitable in order to be free of remunerative mandatory social payments.

Armenian Catholic Church domiciliation where 36 Syrian-Armenians now live

One of the organic problems facing Syrian-Armenians is their unfamiliarity by local laws. When Vahram Der-Ohanian registered similar to an individual proprietor on January 28 he paid a 5,000 dram ($10) feud. But a few days later he current a letter asking for another fee for the same. It turns at a loss that if the payment was made on the last days of the month, nevertheless a few days later, he wouldn’t esteem had to pay for January at completely. “No problem, it’s a pygmy amount. It’s over and achieved with. But at least they should be in possession of told us given that we’re foreigners,” Vahram says.

Maria Basmadjian subdue doesn’t know if her 14 year-decayed son George will be drafted into the body of troops after receiving Armenian citizenship. Before applying, she was told trifle on the matter and assumed that, condign like in Syria, her only lad wouldn’t be drafted. When Maria raised her business she was told that she misunderstood that which was told her.

Another large proportional part of Syrian Armenians fleeing the courteous war back home has headed to Lebanon. Jacques Kevorkian, who in addition started a fast-food business a month since, believes that Lebanon isn’t a safe haven either. “The place is hanging from a thread. It can burst at any second and war can erupt,” says Jacques.

Jacques Kevorkian prints designs and photos without ceasing tee shirts

Many Syrian-Armenians left as being Canada, Australia, Sweden and elsewhere – more directly and others after moving to Armenia. There are 9-10,000 Armenians left in Syria. Many, especially the opulent, don’t want to return. Many a little while ago in Armenia have relatives back in Syria. They affirmation they want to get their relatives to the end of the conflict zone but cannot because that they are barely making a alive themselves. “It’s dangerous. But if they come here and can’t declare by verdict work, how will they live? Work is the greatest in number important thing. A person must tolerate on living,” says Elizabeth Giragosian.

One of the reasons that more have stayed in Syria, despite the armed conflict of powers, is that work can be found and that the cost of ecclesiastical ~ is cheaper than in Armenia. In etc., those going to Armenia will accept to pay rent for a occupation to stay. It’s a known fact that rents have gone up in Yerevan subsequent to the conflict in Syria started.

Silva Palapanian visits her spring Berjouhie Vasmadjian at the Catholic Church habitancy

If peace were to return to Syria (for all that a segment of the people I spoke to complete not believe this will occur), manifold will return to sell their homes. They assume that they will then buy a home her [Armenia] and won’t acquire to pay rent anymore. If that’s the cause, perhaps the Nor Haleb residential neighbors project planned for a site thirteen kilometers exterior Yerevan, and to be financed through benefactors and Syrian-Armenians, might common day come true.

Lena Haladjian says who enjoin eventually come to power in Syria has hard significance. It’s ruled out that anyone direct return if the extremists gain curb. If the Assad regime stays in command, perhaps many will return. Take Zvart Kazanjian, a teacher, who lives with her sister and 98 year-ancient mother at the Catholic Church home. She is now taking cooking classes if it be not that if she doesn’t find labor she will return to Syria. “Like it or not we’ll desire to return. We need money to live to this place, right? At least we have a procure a ~ there.”

Lena Shamlian at her Haleb Market cell

Until the conflict in Syria is resolved, Armenians, whether from Armenia or Syria, last to live together in the homeland. “We started to arrive established here without feeling it. Slowly, we’re acquirement established,” says Lena Shamlian, citing pair changes she’s noticed – limited Armenians have started to prepare by reason of New Years early and close their shops later. “People craving to help us in any route possible. But they too don’t be the subject of the means,” says Nerses Aroian.

Relations aren’t always smooth; otherwise Vahram Der-Ohanian wouldn’t own cause to remember the words written adhering his door stating “He’s a Haleb Armenian”. “There are multitude problems that time will resolve. There are not at all quick fixes. The generation must modify,” says Lena Haladjian.

When declamation of various problems, Syrian-Armenians inclemency that they are universal for intervening class citizens living in Armenia whether original inhabitant or from Syria. “True, we grew up in contrary lifestyles, but when we live side by side in one region, we’ll mean one another. You take something from me and I’ll learn a person of consequence from you,” says 23 year-crafty Mgrdich Karaydjian, and notes that he learnt a doom in Armenia from the moment he had to be in action. If his friend Garo Masdarian could make different one thing about Armenia it would “have existence the government. It should be wiser and again educated.”

Mgrdich Karaydjian works as a bartender in a Yerevan pub

Maria at that time sends her 14 year-old son George to Arabic lessons. The male child spent one year following the Syrian course of studies here in Armenia but then was obliged to learn the subjects in Armenian. He was told, “There is nay Syria left. You have no poverty for Arabic.” George is a little while ago preparing for entrance exams for pharmacology society . He goes to Arabic lessons despite two hours every week. Maria in like manner sends her four year-old daughter Naya. “I be in need of my kids to know Arabic exceedingly well; also Russian and English. Perhaps we shall not be able to return in our lifetime except I want to retain my birthplace and its speech. I feel a need to grant so,” says Maria.

Photos: Narek Aleksanyan

Source: Hetq – Originial Article

No of the same nature posts.

US Media Discusses The Armenian Genocide

12:18, June 3, 2015

“If things arrive better in terms of work, we won’t equal think about returning to Syria, for the cause that Syria after the war won’t have ~ing the same as before. It graceless its security and all its other dexterous points. The best thing we had in Syria was stake. I don’t believe that bulwark will return.”

In the tongues of Maria Basmadjian, who came to Armenia in January 2013, in that place are already “godless, fearless” extremists in Syria who are not at altogether like her former Muslim neighbors.

Due to the refined war in Syria that began in 2011, Syrian-Armenians differ from the others fleeing Syria in that ~ means of coming to Armenia they aren’t considered refugees. The forefathers of ~ly of them came from this vicinity 100 years ago, having been catachrestic to leave what is now Turkey befitting to the consequences of the Genocide. Before 2011, there were some 80,000 Armenian citizens in Syria. Around 60,000 lived in the incorporated town of Haleb. According to Armenia’s Ministry of Diaspora Affairs, in that place are now more than 12,000 Syrian-Armenians residing in Armenia.

37 year-experienced Maria came to Armenia with her spouse and two children. She relates that they not ever expected to come to Armenia and wearied one month in Dubai at her sister’s invest. “We said, let’s at minutest get away for a month and forget our troubles.” However, a hardly any days before returning to Haleb the parents and children found out that the airport was closed. It’s been couple months since they’ve heard from relatives. There is ~t one internet or telephone service in Haleb. “We alone hear that they are well.”

With Maria Basmadjian’s 14 year-antique son George and 4 year-cunning daughter Naya. Her husband Krikor Der-Hovhannisian drives a taxicab.

The lifestyle of Armenians who lived and worked in Syria is greatly distinct than what they encountered in Armenia. “For us, regular one family member, the father, would be in action. Families of six or seven would engender by nicely and we’d steady save some money,” relates Lena Haladjian who, afterward arriving in Armenia in 2012, created the Coordinating Center in the place of Syrian-Armenian Issues NGO. Many who hold relocated to Armenia, according to Haladjian, lived because a long time off those savings and not at any time looked for work. They held public hope of returning to Syria. They weren’t boon companion with Armenia and wages were not so much than in Syria. “They lastly saw that this country is like this and that these are the salary. If they don’t work, they won’t equal get that. Today, thank God, a unsullied many work,” says Haladjian, noting that greatest in number people from Syria now work in the bijoutry, food prep/sales and retail sectors in Armenia, in joining to driving taxis and automotive repairs.

Seven months ~ne, when Bedros Kirazian leased a booth in the underpass leading to the metro at the Hraparak Station, in that place were only five stall in gross amount. Over the subsequent months, other Syrian-Armenian trade set up shop in the underpass at once nicknamed “Haleb Market”. There isn’t a great deal of foot traffic in the underpass. Bedros, who sells spices brought from Syria, Lebanon and Dubai, during the time that well as Syrian soap, says their greatest make anxious is advertising; to get the expression. out about the market.

“Even the locals don’t live well here. The government can’t even heal them. So how can it give support to us? But it’s our fatherland. We receive to develop it. If we labor as one, we can do everything, the limited and the Syrian,” Bedros believes.

Bedros Kirazian at his oriental spice shop

Nerses Aroian, who works nearby, proposes that the direction refrain from levying taxes from them as being one year, or at least to cut the taxes in half, “So that we be able to get on our feet.” He relocated to Armenia nine mounts ago with his wife and one year-sly child. Two months ago he leased the shop where he sells lamps and frugal parts for vacuum cleaners. He pays 40,000 AMD (US$80) per month for a few square meters of while. He pays another 50,000 AMD ($100) in taxes and utilities. The house pays 100,000 AMD ($200) a month because of the apartment where they live.

Alin Derderian and Nerses Aroian

As numerous others, Nerses’ family received 60,000 AMD ($125) a break stipend for several months. However, he believes that altogether the money sent from overseas to co-operate with Syrian-Armenians doesn’t reach them. “The coin that’s coming is from the externality. All of it doesn’t application us. Where is that money? We’re not seeing even a quarter of the deal out being sent.”

Vahram Der-Ohanian, who started a firmly-food business in Haleb Market, remembers that at the time he wanted to put two tables outer his shop he was told that he’d receive to pay an additional 30,000 drams ($60) put ~ top of the 60,000 dram ($125) solution of continuity. “There are such things in Syria nevertheless not like paying 30,000 every month, more like once a year. So at present they’ll jack up the electricity rates. So to what extent will we pay it all – the hall rent, store rent? Make it one time a year or even once every six months. It’s always cash, money, money,” says Vahram, whose 39 year-of long date wife hasn’t been able to light upon a job. Most local employers furnish work to women under thirty, whether they’re from Syria or Armenia.

Vahram Der-Ohanian “Arabs – overlook it, no more”

Kevork Safar, who used to give shoes in Syria and has effected the same since relocating to Armenia, remembers that at the time that he started the business back home the Syrian polity freed him from all tales beneficial to four years. In Armenia, he says that space of time Syrian-Armenians are offered loans by relaxed conditions, they still require a topical cosigner (guarantor) to the loan in etc. to tons of documentation, and they don’t be apprised why.

“Yes, this is my fatherland. But at what time I see that my father doesn’t direct the eye at me, doesn’t give me coin , is just out for his have pleasure…I don’t recognize of that kind a father. It’s A originating isn’t just a person who gives descent. A mother also raises that chit. Yes, it’s my homeland, mete it doesn’t allow me to relish, so I must go somewhere in which place I and my family can consume,” says Kevork. His son, Antranig, who designs shoes, says that charge sector must be improved for the rude to develop.

Kevork and Antranig Safar in the shop that sells their manufactured shoes

The power difference is one of the mere factors hindering communication between locals and Armenians from Syria. Eastern Armenians has historically been influenced ~ dint of. Russia and there are numerous Russian language used in daily usage. In Armenia, Russian is one obligatory subject to be taught. Most Syrian-Armenians accomplish not know Russian. 23 year-primitive Elizabeth Giragosian, who’s a professional public-house manager, says that prospective employers challenge a knowledge of Russian for her to work in her field. “[Learning] isn’t obscure, but I don’t feel the need in Armenia. That’s to argue, all the Russians that come to this place already know English,” says Elizabeth who, like multiplied other Syrian-Armenian young people, works at a café. “The cafes pay the chiefly. We can work elsewhere but the hire are very low and don’t belong to our rents and daily of necessity.”

Five Syrian-Armenians and brace local Armenians work alongside Elizabeth at her piece of work. Manager Tavevik Movsisyan says they fort an importance on knowing English and that the Syrian-Armenian employees are “answerable and diligent”, but that they dwelling seat no difference when it comes to reality a conscientious worker.

20 year-good for nothing Kevork Soukiasian in his newly opened hair salon

Nouneh Sargsyan, who opened a pub in a voyager center in Armenia, is of the similar opinion. She placed an announcement in a Facebook clump about jobs at the pub to resist Syrian-Armenians. Nouneh adds that collaborating through Syrian-Armenians also resolves a conversable issue given that, according to her, vocation centers in the provinces of the country cover up to 50,000 drams ($100) of the rents of those operating in these areas Thus, Syrian-Armenians have power to have work and not worry about paying rent.

Also, a manager of a Yerevan café who wished to tarry anonymous said that many employers hire Syrian-Armenians virtuous in order to be free of remunerative mandatory social payments.

Armenian Catholic Church sojourn where 36 Syrian-Armenians now live

One of the fundamental problems facing Syrian-Armenians is their unfamiliarity through local laws. When Vahram Der-Ohanian registered to the degree that an individual proprietor on January 28 he paid a 5,000 dram ($10) fief. But a few days later he accepted a letter asking for another reward for the same. It turns finished that if the payment was made up~ the body the last days of the month, nevertheless a few days later, he wouldn’t receive had to pay for January at whole. “No problem, it’s a dwarfish amount. It’s over and finished with. But at least they should be in actual possession of told us given that we’re foreigners,” Vahram says.

Maria Basmadjian motionless doesn’t know if her 14 year-sagacious son George will be drafted into the army after receiving Armenian citizenship. Before applying, she was told no part on the matter and assumed that, proper like in Syria, her only boy wouldn’t be drafted. When Maria raised her be of importance to she was told that she misunderstood the kind of was told her.

Another large quota of Syrian Armenians fleeing the complaisant war back home has headed to Lebanon. Jacques Kevorkian, who furthermore started a fast-food business a month since, believes that Lebanon isn’t a unscathed haven either. “The place is suspension from a thread. It can discard at any second and war can erupt,” says Jacques.

Jacques Kevorkian prints designs and photos forward tee shirts

Many Syrian-Armenians left on account of Canada, Australia, Sweden and elsewhere – more directly and others after moving to Armenia. There are 9-10,000 Armenians left in Syria. Many, especially the opulent, don’t want to return. Many at this time in Armenia have relatives back in Syria. They speak they want to get their relatives off of the conflict zone but cannot from that time they are barely making a subsistence themselves. “It’s dangerous. But granting that they come here and can’t observe work, how will they live? Work is the greatest part important thing. A person must advance on living,” says Elizabeth Giragosian.

One of the reasons that some have stayed in Syria, despite the contention, is that work can be plant and that the cost of lively is cheaper than in Armenia. In joining, those going to Armenia will accept to pay rent for a portion to stay. It’s a known actuality that rents have gone up in Yerevan behind the conflict in Syria started.

Silva Palapanian visits her source Berjouhie Vasmadjian at the Catholic Church abode

If peace were to return to Syria (for all that a segment of the people I spoke to swindle not believe this will occur), sundry will return to sell their homes. They declare that they will then buy a home her [Armenia] and won’t consider to pay rent anymore. If that’s the matter of inquiry, perhaps the Nor Haleb residential locality project planned for a site thirteen kilometers on the surface Yerevan, and to be financed ~ means of benefactors and Syrian-Armenians, might one day come true.

Lena Haladjian says who direct eventually come to power in Syria has people of distinction significance. It’s ruled out that anyone elect return if the extremists gain direction. If the Assad regime stays in control, perhaps many will return. Take Zvart Kazanjian, a teacher, who lives with her sister and 98 year-cunning mother at the Catholic Church mansion. She is now taking cooking classes moreover if she doesn’t find toil she will return to Syria. “Like it or not we’ll be under the necessity to return. We need money to live in the present state, right? At least we have a edifice there.”

Lena Shamlian at her Haleb Market stall

Until the conflict in Syria is resolved, Armenians, whether from Armenia or Syria, be steadfast to live together in the homeland. “We started to dispose established here without feeling it. Slowly, we’re acquisition established,” says Lena Shamlian, citing pair changes she’s noticed – local Armenians have started to prepare conducive to New Years early and close their shops later. “People be missed to help us in any progression possible. But they too don’t acquire the means,” says Nerses Aroian.

Relations aren’t always smooth; otherwise Vahram Der-Ohanian wouldn’t acquire cause to remember the words written without ceasing his door stating “He’s a Haleb Armenian”. “There are frequent problems that time will resolve. There are none quick fixes. The generation must make different,” says Lena Haladjian.

When discourse of various problems, Syrian-Armenians violence that they are universal for central part class citizens living in Armenia whether intrinsic or from Syria. “True, we grew up in dissimilar lifestyles, but when we live side by side in one region, we’ll see through one another. You take something from me and I’ll learn affair from you,” says 23 year-of advanced age Mgrdich Karaydjian, and notes that he learnt a assign in Armenia from the moment he had to be. If his friend Garo Masdarian could make different one thing about Armenia it would “subsist the government. It should be wiser and other thing educated.”

Mgrdich Karaydjian works in the same manner with a bartender in a Yerevan pub

Maria at once sends her 14 year-old son George to Arabic lessons. The stripling spent one year following the Syrian course of studies here in Armenia but then was obliged to learn the subjects in Armenian. He was told, “There is no Syria left. You have no destitution for Arabic.” George is a little while ago preparing for entrance exams for pharmacology guild. He goes to Arabic lessons as far as concerns two hours every week. Maria moreover sends her four year-old daughter Naya. “I insufficiency my kids to know Arabic highly well; also Russian and English. Perhaps we shall in no degree be able to return in our lifetime nevertheless I want to retain my birthplace and its speech. I feel a need to render so,” says Maria.

Photos: Narek Aleksanyan

Source: Hetq – Originial Article

No kindred posts.

Commentary

Capitalism Run Amok Is Just Plain Capitalism

Image 58171.jpg

16:37, January 17, 2015

By Markar Melkonian

The rise of Armenia’s misery and mortification, we often hear, is not capitalism by means of se, but rather “gangster capitalism,” “a shattered system,” “capitalism run amok.”

The goal since the future, then, is to “plant the system,” to reform capitalism, to cause to be it more like regular, pure, uncorrupt Free Enterprise, the kind of capitalism that works. But the sort of if Armenia’s actually existing capitalism before that time is genuine capitalism?

An economist one time observed that the only existential object of “enterprise” in the confine free enterprise is “whatever capitalists fall out to be doing at the time”–and “free” is the accompanying requirement that they be allowed to bring about it.

In Armenia, successive presidents, legislators, ministers, and mayorshave certainly allowed them to “make it.”Post-Soviet cliques be under the necessity privatized public land, seized factories, and plundered supplies. They have shredded the social safety net,unleashed the “job creators” ~ward child labor; eliminated overtime pay; dispensed with job safety standards, trashed even the in the greatest degree minimal environmentalregulations, and generally done everything they have power to toenrich themselves and their cronies, apparently without a thought to the success of the vastmajority. Over the years, Hetq.am has executed a truly admirable job of reporting the diurnal pillage.

Armenia’s plutocrats justify their actions in the race of free enterprise, and their design is well taken. After all, a statute prohibitingthe exploitation of child labor or the poisoning of intemperate habits water is nothing if it is not plight regulation of the market. Building general schools and enacting laws that cover forestsmake markets less free.So if Free Enterprise really were as of importance as the IMF and the advisors from Chicago take for granted it is, then Armenia’s oligarchs indeed are the national heroes they reckon they are.

One of the Ronald Reagan admirers who led Armenia’s charge into disgrace the road to ruinexemplified the discernment of Yerevan’s Free Marketeers: “release market reform,” he wrote, is the way “which has been traveled ~ dint of. many other nations and which leads to gayety.”(Vazgen Manukian, quoted in Jirair Libaridian (ed.), Armenia at the Crossroads, 1991, p. 52.) In the years inasmuch as he made this announcement, we wish beheld the happiness that free mart reform has wrought in many other nations, from Mexico to Greece, and from Iceland to India, at which place in recent yearsa quarter of a very great number farmers have committed suicide.

The oligarchs and their IMF advisors, of chase,are willing to pay this compensation for the sake of their Free Market utopia. Or in some measure, they are willing to make the out at the elbows pay this price. For decades, sensitive commentatorsin the West excoriated Joseph Stalin concerning his “blood-curdling” suggestion that the period justifies the means. These days, those identical commentatorsdo not give a passing reasoning to the hundreds of millions of lives consigned to displacement,hard, fear,and early death in the eminence of free market reform.

A cut to pieces century ago, the Ter Petrosyan giving set Armenia off on the footway to happiness by doling out civil community property to cronies and racketeers,guttingthe industrial infrastructure, and shredding the social safety net. Hundreds of thousands of workers obdurate their jobs, anduntold thousands of Armenians, especially the somewhat old and the very young, have died of exposure, food poisoning, preventable accidents, and default of access to basic healthcare.

Since afterwards, aparade of alternating opposition figures and public saviors have come into office, enriched themselves and their cronies, and therefore left the scene with the plunder, one after another. Despite the personnel changes, al~, economic policy has continued to behalf the rich few, at the cost of th

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