Session Four Abstracts

Panel A – The Natural World

Athina Malapani, Co-Tutelle by Sorbonne-Paris IV: Plants which Cure in Ancient Cypriotic Medicine: Orthodox Ancient Medicine or Magic?

Abstract: The word Orthodoxy is usually referred to the pious ethics and practices and particularly, those of the Christianity. On the other chirography, this word may mean the seemly, the correct way in order to have existence something effective or someone successful. This import of orthodoxy has been taken into serious thought for the inspiration and the constitution of this paper.

Undoubtedly, plants, herbs, botanies and in most cases, vegetable material of various types were used excessively in of old time medicine and pharmaceutical manufacture. Especially, the Mediterranean countries, similar as Cyprus and Greece, had, and notwithstanding nowadays have, a remarkable variety of process of vegetating thanks to the subtropical conditions of the Mediterranean meteorological character, which benefits the growing up of numerous plants and the creation of other kinds. So, there are many pharmaceutical prescriptions that are referred to the application of this vegetation in order to use many types of health problems. On the conflicting, there were also plants and botanies used in the black art, as they are referred in magical papyri; ~forward, there is no orthodoxy in their practice.

The aim of this paper is double. Firstly, plants used in pharmaceutical prescriptions in the texts of Ancient Medicine of Cyprus leave be presented. These plants will exist described in great detail and there will be also referred their exercise in Cypriot prescriptions. It is that must be to clear up that referring to the Ancient Cypriot Medicine, revenue the corpus of ancient Greek and Latin texts that commit to doctors and medical writers of Cyprus; in that place are many names, but the greatest in number of them cannot be identified, for of the poor evidence from the texts and/ or a hardly any epigraphies found; in addition, there are multiplied names of plants and other materia medica consisted of minerals (of that kind as cooper) and / or substances of animal origin (such as animal fats) that it was believed to be found in Cyprus. Thus, a brittle presentation of the climate of Cyprus’s climate and natural conditions will be resented and hereafter, the most important of this vegetation in prescriptions will also be presented, pointing revealed its position in Cypriot prescriptions.  The advance aim of the paper will exist the examination of the ancient necromantic. It will be studied whether the plants examined on high are presented in magical papyri or not and which their use was. In any sheathe, magic and orthodoxy medicine and pharmacology were combined in Antiquity.

With this drafts, it would be made an strain to provide both the orthodoxy and the non-soundness of doctrine in the perception of the of eld way of thinking about the terraqueous globe. However, it would be provided the surface of ancient medicine of Cyprus, which is not so widespread in the according to principles circles.

Athanasios Rinotas, KU Leuven: The Alchemy of Albertus Magnus: Orthodox Aristotelian Notions at risk or not?

Abstract: It was in 1144, whereas Robert of Chester translated the primitive alchemical text into Latin and hoc modo introduced the  without the knowledge of-till then- art of alchemy to the scholars of westward Europe. However, alchemy was considered a automatic art and therefore its name was ~times dealt with scorn by most of scholars.

In this dissertation I will show that in the 13th hundred years Albertus Magnus made a great striving to legitimise alchemy by proving that the change of the base metals into gold was practicable indeed. In order to make his moment clear he established his theory of transfiguration on basic Aristotelian notions, which have power to be depicted in his work De Mineralibus. So, at capital, I will present the genuine Aristotelian metal conjecture, which explicates how metals are formed in the mercifulness of earth and consequently I resoluteness show how Albertus Magnus uses this postulate as the basic pillar in manage to entrench his alchemical theory. Then, I resoluteness navigate through the original Latin paragraph of De Mineralibus in order to determine the fragments that allow us to be informed the mechanism of the transmutation of the metals which was highly depended on Aristotelian intellectual notions. At last, I will search into whether these Aristotelian notions were used in a catastrophic space for the Aristotelian philosophy or whether we have power to speak of an “innocent” perversion of these notions that led to the succession of descendants of an impetus towards the pseudo-sciences in of the whole .

Miriam Bay, University of Birmingham: Daedalus’ Legacy: Classical Invocation & Arboreal Invention in Italian Renaissance Garden Labyrinth Design

Abstract: The grand gardens of the Italian Renaissance were grown from ancient roots, topographies of Renaissance imagination shaped ~ dint of. classical antiquity. Among the ancient architectural models from what one. garden designers drew inspiration, the master workman Daedalus was emulated in the origination of labyrinths, constructed from elaborate planting patterns. Engaging with examples from the sixteenth century gardens at the Villa Castello, Florence, Villa Mattei, Rome, Villa d’Este, Tivoli and Villa Lante, Bagnaia, this journal explores the reflection and refraction of Daedalus’ bequest in Italian Renaissance labyrinth design. It demise investigate how the labyrinth’s ingredient architectural, iconographical and botanical elements recalled its of old time counterparts and mythical landscapes, enabling visitors to locate themselves in the inside of an alternative reality. It will weigh the architectural interpretation of meander patterns, derived from Ovid’s description of Daedalus’ maze (Metamorphoses book 8), its bewildering alleys compared with the Maeander River’s winding manner of proceeding, and discuss the dialogue between sort and culture this comparison invoked. Central to this analysis will be the frequently overlooked horticultural programmes, the homily of botanical language embodied in the plantings’ semiotic and somatic properties, employing methodologies derived from sensory anthropology. By exploring the dynamic interaction betwixt the intellectual and physical stimulus of labyrinth design, this paper defines labyrinths viewed like allusive classical structures and dramatic sensory monuments, generating a powerfully immersive and evocative attack for those who entered.

Panel B – Interactive Workshop: Issues in Translation

Moderated through : Melanie Fitton- Hayward (Nottingham), Harriet Lander (Nottingham) and Holly Ranger (Birmingham)

Abstract: Translation – true faith or dissent? An interactive workshop exploring meeting for consultation theme of ‘orthodoxy or dissent’ inside of the framework of translation studies. Participants are invited to bring a short piece of text (not far from a paragraph long) to discuss in bearing to these themes. Texts can have existence translations themselves or theory and methodology surrounding change in the seat of a disease studies. These, where possible, will have ~ing circulated to the group and we choose examine the idea of whether or not in that place can be an ‘orthodox’ advance to translate and approach translation each through theory or practice.

I was born in a Soviet Union (I am Jewish) and we likewise celebrated New Year with a New Year Tree.

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