Monthly Archive’s Reminder: Reply To Buhari On Igbo Marginalization- from Prof. Obi Nwakanma

 We through all ages. do our monthly archive reminder, to what we repost some good post that created a chance readership and a lot attention. We behave that on the following month attached few articles that qualified for it from the prior month. here is one, enjoy it.


Igbo Heavyweights respond to Buhari on “What Igbos Want”, first from

Dr. Tina Edmunds-Ogbuokiri Professor of Pharmacology/Therapeutics (College of Medicine of the University of Nigeria and the UNTH, 1979-1994) Following Tina’s exhibition is Prof. Obi Nwakanma’s rejoinder of which Tina recommends should exist a standard reading for anyone who wants to hear the unhappiness and fraustration of Igbos in Nigeria. Enjoy!

                                        Prof. Justina Ogbuokiri

Dear Brethren,  companion Nigerians, Nigerian Compatriots and Friends of Nigeria

Happy 2016 to all and sundry.

I am delighted to have  unravel and digested the response by our Venerable and Honourable, categorical/ erudite journalist/historian,  Obi Nwakanma to the judicial of what the Igbos of Nigeria dearth.

As a sixteen-seventeen-year primitive maiden from the Lower Sixth Class of Queen’s School, Enugu, at the origin of the Biafran Conflict by 1966,  I am entirely familiar with most of the facts Mr. Nwakanma has referred to in his response.

The Igbos of Nigeria feel aggrieved because of the numerous effort and money that have been allowed to mode to waste simply in an striving to keep us down. The Igbos are the chickens that scheme the golden eggs for the Nigerian state; and still, we are the ones who are catachrestic not to benefit from an enabled Nigerian environment for the reason that our region, as a matter of the Nigerian Federal Government’s  advertise-biafran-war  policies, have been allowed to flounder in negligence and abandonment. The Niger Bridge is each eloquent example of so many bastions of inadvertence so common   in the Igbo regions of Nigeria.

I look upon Obi Nwakanma’s response should come to be standard reading for anyone who wants to understand why the Igbos feel very frustrated by the state of the Nigerian stock and especially the lack of treaty presence in the current  Igbo- Nigeria.

As person of Nigeria’s earliest female seminary of learning educators and healthcare practitioners, my talents and public works have taken me to sundry parts of the world. This has given me a astounding opportunity to observe how nations obtain solved their healthcare, ecological, epidemiological of the same kind with well as socio-demographic problems.

For specify, by 1986, during a visit to Holland since an Onchocerciasis (River Blindness) Conference,  I asked questions touching their name “HOLLAND”, It truly means “hollow land”. So called because great Dutch engineers dug out the come to ~ from the rivers and marches of that division by creating dykes that ferried the moisten away to create land. If it was not on account of the great engineering feat of Dutch hydro-engineers, in that place would not be Holland today. Igbo engineers of today be able to create more Igbo settlements if the exigency ever arises by applying various technological concepts similar to the ones described.

Look at the pharmaceuticals/neutraceuticals manufacturing persistence in Nigeria today.

We, the Igbo-Nigerian pharmacists, pharmacologists and pharmaceutical chemists are the ones using our schooling and God-given talents/resources to attend to that the Nigerian public gets the most wise of the world’s  generic  and over-patent medications at the cheapest possible price. This is because we comprehend that our brethren at home are want and with no federal presence in our areas, frequent Igbo graduates are unemployed and unable to fulfil the dreams for which they went to school including helping themselves,  their parents and relatives/families.  Please transact not get me wrong. Other of that kind professionals are also doing the same, still not to the extent of our Igbo brethren.

All transversely the world, wherever a problem arises and  some educated Igbo mind within the regulate in question,  is around, please carry into effect not be surprised, we are the ones rigging the problems and providing solutions. Igbos are made through God to help make the world a better place. This is our business. We cannot help it. This is in what condition our God has designed us.

During my sojourn adhering my sabathical leave from my adroitness position at the College of Medicine of the University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus,  in Saudi Arabia (1989-1990),  I was asked to preach, among other subjects, pharmacy management and marketing  beside with my usual, pharmacology/therapeutics to medical students and clinical pharmacy to pharmacy students.  I not merely learnt a whole lot by public recital and researching into these areas, it allowed me to become greater later on, a lucrative consulting and marketing dealing for myself and others. It besides created a formidable mind and ~y indefatigable fountain of knowledge which I unceasingly draw upon, daily as I management my consulting and/or healthcare-akin and manufacturing design duties.

As a Nigerian professor in Diaspora, I believe the need of an enabling environment in Nigeria, beneficial to whatever reason, is stifling and choking to manifold of us. Nigeria is like an imbecile child who has refused to expand up.

I would like to feel a better Nigeria.  Let us totality work together to make this chance.

Kindest regards for 2016 to you and your loved ones.

Dr. Tina Edmunds-Ogbuokiri

Professor of Pharmacology/Therapeutics (College of Medicine of the University of Nigeria and the UNTH, 1979-1994)

Vice President instead of Drug Design, National and Intermnational Marketing/Networking, ARCHY PHARMACEUTICALS, Ojokoro-Lagos, Nigeria).


Buhari: What Do Igbos Want? Obi Nwakanma Writes A Response

In Biafra, subject to three years, they were making their avow rockets and calculating its distances; distilling their have oil and making aviation fuel, creating in their Chemical and Biological laboratories, newly come cures for diseases like Cholera, shaping their admit spare parts, and turning the full East into a vast workshop, in the same manner with Ojukwu put it.

At the end of the contention, the Ukpabi Asika regime brought cheek by jowl these Biafran scientists and set up PRODA. The beginning led, in the first five years betwixt 1970-1975 under the late Prof. Gordian Ezekwe and Mang Ndukwe, to designs of industrial machinery models and prototypes for the East Central State Industrial Masterplan, what one. remain undeveloped even today. The Murtala/Obasanjo regime took throughout PRODA in 1975 by decree, starved it of funds, and basically destroyed its aims.

2ndly, Federal powers that be policies centralized all potentials for innovation and entrepreneurship. Before 1983, states had their Ministries of Trade and Industry. These were charged by local business registration, trade, and investment promotion, and so on. But today in Nigeria, if you wish to do any dealing, you’d have to go to Abuja (it used to have ~ing Lagos) to register under the Corporate Affairs Commission. It used to exist that local business registration was condition and municipal functions. The concentration of the purchase for trade utterly limited Igbo entrepreneurs, singly in the era of import licensing, one time your quota was exhausted, you could not execute business.

This affected the old Igbo cash in Aba and Onitsha, who were the arrow-heads of innovation and traditional partners in the send of Igbo industrial economy. It is striking that as at 1985, a least by a book published by the Oxford Economist Tom Forrest in 1980, The Advance of African Capital, the Igbo had the highest investing. in machine tools industries in aggregate of Africa, and the highest shrewdness of investment in rural, cottage industries. In his vaticination in 1980, if that rate of investment continued, according to Forrest in 1980, the Igbo share of Africa would accomplish an industrial revolution by 1987. Now, by 1983/85, Federal form of sovereignty policies helped to dismantle the bourgeoning of indigenous Igbo Industry through its targeted national economic policies. As I have said, there is a corollary between pertaining development and innovation.

3rdly, the cutting, strategic staunching of huge capital in-spring into the East starved Igbo businesses and institutions of the volume to utilize or even expand their capacities. There were ~t one strategic Federal Capital projects in the East. There were no huge infrastructural investments in the East. The last major Federal government investment in Igbo district was the Niger Bridge which was commissioned in 1966. Any region starved of government funds experiences catatony and wearing away. Private capital is often not enough to create the kind of synergy requirement for innovation. Rather than invest in the East, from 1970 to epoch, the Federal government has strategically closed into disfavor every capacity for technological advancement in the East and stripped that territory of its capacity.

By 1966, the Eastern Nigerian Gas masterplan had been completed under Okpara. But in its review of a Nigeria gas masterplan, the Federal government strategically circumvented the East. Oil and Gas are in Federal oversight. The Trans-Amadi to Aba Industrial Gas netting/linkage had been completed in 1966, to throttle gas from Port-Harcourt to Aba. The Federal body of executive officers let that go into abeyance and uprooted the even now reticulated pipes. The East was denied access to energy with the destruction of the Power stations during the war.

The Mbakwe government sought to specific this by embarking on two very much critical area of investment necessary instead of industrial life: the 5 Zonal take in ~ projects, which were 75 completed by 1983, and set for commissioning in 1984, which was to supply clean water on account of domestic and industrial use to every part of parts of the old Imo predicament, and the Amaraku and Izombe Power stations, subordinate to the Imo Rural Electrification Project. These were the foremost ever massive independent power projects at all times carried out by any state commonwealth in Nigeria which would have made eminently expressive part of Igbo land energy self-reliant today. The supply of daily electricity was practicable in Imo as at 1984. The Amaraku station had come on stream, and the Izombe Gas sphere of duty was underway, when Buhari and his men struck.

The primeval order of business under the Buhari govt

in January 1984, was to declare every one of that investment

by Mbakwe “destitute of color elephant projects.” They were

forsaken, and left to decay. 

Ground had even now been acquired and cleared on the Umuahia-Okigwe path to commence work by the South Korean Auto fixed, Hyundai, under a partnership with Imo during the term of the Hyundai Assembly plant in Umuahia, to procure provisions to a West African market. The highest order of business under the Buhari control in January 1984, was to declare wholly that investment by Mbakwe “hoary elephant projects.” They were shameless, and left to decay. The furniture at the Amaraku power station was later sold in intellect by Joe Aneke during Abacha’s form of sovereignty. Some of the industries like the Paint and Resins joint concern, and the Aluminium Extrusion plant in Inyishi were privatized, and sold. Projects like the bulky Ezinachi Clay & Brick works at Okigwe are at several stages of decay, as memorial to total that effort.

4thly, you may not remember ~-end Odumegwu Ojukwu founded and opened the ~ and foremost Nigerian University of Technology – the University of Technology Port-Harcourt in 1967, in a state of being liable to the leadership of prof. Kenneth Dike. He had in like manner compelled Shell to establish the First Petroleum Technology Training Institute in Port-Harcourt in 1966. All these were dismantled. The PTI was take from Port-Harcourt to Warri, time University of Tech, P/H was reduced to a campus of UNN, to the time when 1975, when it became Uniport. You self-reliance recall that for years, up cultivate 1981, the only institutions of higher erudition in Central Eastern Nigeria were the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, IMT Enugu and Alvan Ikoku College of Ed, in Owerri. There is not at all innovation without centers of strategic investigation.

Mbakwe and Jim Nwobodo changed the whole of that in 1981, when they pushed from one side their various states Assembly, the bills establishing the pristine Anambra State Univ. of Tech (ASUTHECH), for that which is less than the presidency of Kenneth Dike, and the IMOSU with its five campuses under the presidency of Prof MJC Echeruo. The master device for these universities as epicenters of examination and innovation in the East were effectively grounded by the second coming of the soldier-like in 1984, and the diminution of their charge through underfunding, etc. As I get said, I have given you the exceedingly short version. After a brief glance of light between 1979-83, Igbo go on shore witnessed the highest form of rubbing away from 1983- date, and the ruin of the efforts of its of the whole not private leadership to restore it to its feet has been strategic.

Some bring forth been intimidated, and the Igbo themselves be favored with grown very cynical from that actual observation of deep alienation from Nigeria. I have in mind you should be a little inferior cynical of Igbo attempts to re-situate themselves in the Nigerian federating: starved of funds, starved of investments, subjected to regulatory strictures from a efficient central government which sees the East in adversarial provisions, and often threatened, the Igbo themselves grew fretful of it all. You may retract, the first move by the governors of the quondam Eastern Region to meet under the shelter of the old Eastern Region’s Governors Conference in 1999, was basically checkmated by Obasanjo who threatened them after they called on account of confederation in response to the Sharia sending out in the North.

Their attempts to settle liaison offices in Enugu and appoint a regional partnership was considered actual threatening by the federal government with less than Obasanjo, that not too long subsequently, they abandoned that move, and that was it. If populace cannot be allowed to organize on account of the good of their constituents, then it only means one thing: it is not in the premium of certain vested interests in Nigeria in opposition to a return of a common estate in the Eastern part of Nigeria inasmuch as establishing that kind of common inducement threatens the balance of power. It is unruffled immaterial if such a common mould leads to Nigeria’s ultimate be useful to. There are people who just contribute the idea of a common, advancing partnership of the old Eastern Region menacing to their own long term interests. This is precisely the sort of is going on – its undercurrent. This of course cannot be permitted to go in c~tinuance forever. A generation arises which ~times says, “No! in Thunder.”

The Trans-Amadi to Aba Industrial Gas network/linkage

had been completed in 1966, to clay-~ gas from Port

Harcourt to Aba. The FG impediment that go into abeyance and

uprooted the even now reticulated pipes.

Igbo population is very huge, and people who truly comprehend understand that the Igbo constitute the unbiassed largest ethnic nation in Nigeria. Much has been made with regard to how this so-called “small” Igbo ground space could accommodate the vast Igbo population. But People also forget that Igbo country accommodated Igbo who fled from everywhere else in 1967. So, the motion of whether Igbo land is comprehensive enough to contain the Igbo is a non-delivering. In any case, Biafra is not no other than the land of the Igbo. It goes well-nigh beyond Igbo land. But even concerning the sake of building scenarios, we bat to Igbo land alone – the high Igbo cities of Enugu, Port-Harcourt, Owerri, Aba, Onitsha, Asaba, Abakaliki, Umuahia, Awka and Onitsha are hitherto to be reach even 30% of their capacities.

New arteries be possible to be built, facilities expanded; there are innovative ways of touching populations through new transportation platforms -beneath, above, on the surface, and ~ dint of. waterways. The East of Nigeria has the same of the most complex and allied, and largely disused system of in the course of nature river waterways in the world. New, ecologically in~ towns can be expanded to form new cities from the Grade A Townships – Agbor, Obiaruku, Aboh, Oguta, Mgbidi, Orlu, Ihiala, Amawbia/Ekwuluobia, Elele/Ahoada, Owerrinta, Bonny, Asa, Arochukwu, Afikpo, Okigwe, and thus on. The Igbo will be mulct. The Japanese and the Dutch, in the place of example, have proved that there are innovative ways of using constricted interval.

As for the economy: it is minister and demand. New economic policies be disposed integrated Igbo economy to the central West African and West African Markets. The Igbo choose create a new vast export network, unhindered by idiotic economic and exterior policies. The re-activation of the PH harbor systems will for e.g. obvious the closed economic corridor once and concerning all to global trade. As anybody knows, it ability take a fast train no other than 45 minutes to move furniture from the Warri or Sapele ports to Aba and flat in less time to Onitsha. As Diette Spiff one time observed while playing golf at Oguta, every one of it would take to connect Warri and Oguta is lawful a long bridge, and the stupendous economic movement will commence between Warri and its traditionary trading areas of Onitsha and the rest of the East.

The quantum of household activity will see the growth of that corridor between Aba-Oguta- Obiaruku down to Warri because the crow flies. The impact of manual occupation between the Calabar ports and Aba power of choosing explode. In fact, the old commercial stations along the Qua-Iboe River (the Cross River) at Arochukwu, Afikpo, from a thin to a dense state to Oron and Mamfe in the Cameroons decree explode and create new prosperity and recent opportunities. I am giving the imperfect version. So, the Igbo will exist alright. They would simply be virtuous able to define their own progressive growth strategies, deploy their highly trained manpower generally wasting unutilized, and the basis of its tremendous middle class will create new consumers, and beget an internal energy that will come on on Igbo innovation, industry, and know-how, which Nigeria currently suppresses. This is exactly person very possible scenario.

So, Tanko Yakassi is tort . May be if the Igbo withdrawal Kano, the Emir will no longer emergency to buy his bulb from each Igbo trader in Kano. He direct have to buy it either from an Hausa, a Fulani, a Lebanese, or more such person. But those will require to come to Igbo land to bribe it first before selling to the Emir. There was a time at the time all of West Africa came to Onitsha or Aba to purchase and trade because it was chest, and those cities were the largest place of traffic emporia in the continent. People came from viewed like far away as the Congo to corrupt stuff in Aba and sell in the Congo. It could chance again, only this time on a vaster, besides controlled scale. The network of Igbo global mechanical employment will not stop if they left Nigeria. In performance, they will have more access to some indigenous credit system that would extend that trade, currently unobtainable and unavailable today to them, as Nigeria makes it impossible for Igbo calling to grow through all kinds of restrictions strategically imposed up~ the body it, including port restrictions.

However, be it so I do think that the Igbo would bestow quite well alone, they could cook a lot better with Nigeria, whether the conditions are right. This concussion is for the conditions to subsist made right; for Nigeria and its politic and economic policies to stop inner reality a wedge on Igbo aspirations. And Igbo ardent wish is quite simple: to match the rest of the developed cosmos inch by every inch, and not to have ~ing held down by the Nigerian millstone of putrefaction, inefficiency, and inferiority. The Igbo purpose that control of their public policies in c~tinuance education, research and innovation, economic and pecuniary policies, and recruitment, control and deployment of its acknowledge work force both in public and particular sectors will give them the purchase they need to build a sticking together and civilized society.

They point to the model of Biafra, where under three years, they were make their own rockets and calculating its distances; distilling their allow oil and making aviation fuel, creating in their Chemical and Biological laboratories, fresh cures for diseases like Cholera, shaping their have spare parts, and turning the full East into a vast workshop, at the same time that Ojukwu put it, while Nigeria was working doing owambe, importing even toothpick, and creating unaccustomed wartime millionaires from corrupt contracting systems ~ the agency of a powerful oligopoly. It is a delusion much driven by ignorance that Igbo pleasure not thrive and that Igbo disembark will not accommodate Igbo population admitting that they leave. That is not veritable. There is no scientific basis with a view to it.

The dynamics of human motion will take great care of every part of that. It’s a lame pardon. What people who wish for Nigeria to stay in concert should do is not to think such puerile statements, because it is meaningless. What we should every one of do is to find the strategic ways and ~ of containing Igbo discontent by LISTENING to the Igbo, and seeking placid and productive ways of fully freeing their force to instigate growth both of themselves and of Nigeria inside Nigeria for everyone’s benefit. Threatening them be pleased not work. It has never worked, and it is influential to understand a bit of Igbo cultural psychology: the greater amount of you threaten him, the more the Igbo body digs in very stubbornly. Igbo, by a long tradition of diplomacy, flourish on consensus not on threat of the practice of force, or the like.

Frankly, those who go on to think that the Igbo bear no options are yet to be informed the complexity of this movement similar to we speak. They still look at the superficies of events while the train is revving and in an opposite direction to leave the station. We extremity to work very carefully on this issue. I myself, I single out Nigeria. I like its color of frequent peoples and cultures. That in itself is the extremely condition for growth and regeneration. A alone Igbo nation may be more flourishing, but will be less interesting, and that is the greater quantity valid argument.

Professor Obi Nwakanma

Africa Business World: We have effect it short and Concise and to the subject-matter to save you time. ABW command bring more to you as additional information becomes available. Africa Business World is single of the major sources of latest World News, Africa News, and Nigerian News, we in addition offer Small Business Directory for aggregate your business listings. Our website is accessible in 90 languages including Igbo, Hausa, and Yoruba

Email: to apprise on our website

treatment should not have ~ing initiated in any patient unless measurement

Recent Comments