Today’s Opioid Epidemic: This Is Not Your Father’s Heroin Crisis

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Posted By David Eldridge on Mar 25, 2016 | 0 comments

From the gift by will of morphine-addicted Civil War veterans to the tranquillize-and-roll drug culture of the ’60s, the United States has had a tardy dark history with opioid abuse. But today’s burgeoning overdose critical situation is threatening to become the deadliest chapter in the country’s relationship by heroin. InsideSources offers a look at by what means this generation’s wave of heroin addiction has exploded into a public crisis:   Too Many Prescriptions The rub has its roots in the 1990s and soon 2000s, when drug manufacturer Purdue Pharma promoted renovated painkiller OxyContin as less addictive than older drugs, fueling a prescription-writing boom across the U.S. (and Canada). It wasn’t until May 2007 that the Stamford, Conn.-based group pleaded guilty to misleading doctors hither and thither the risk of addiction. After coughing up $600 a thousand thousand in penalties, Purdue reconfigured its flagship painkiller to be more “abuse resistant.” Since that time, sales of OxyContin and other powerful painkillers like Vicodin, Percocet and Dilaudid accept only grown. Dr. David Juurlink, put a ~ on of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology at the University of Toronto, told InsideSources that U.S. and Canadian physicians be obliged to look to alternative therapies to support patients in need. Otherwise, the overdose deaths power of determination continue. “It’s a harvest of the overprescribing of these drugs above the last 20 years,” Juurlink uttered.   Mexican Poppies According to the American Society of Addiction Medicine, four in five commencing heroin users started out misusing direction painkillers. And as concerns about recipe abuse tightened access in recent years, addicts who couldn’t receive a fix at their doctor’s customary duty turned to a cheap and copious alternative available on the street. Cutting Afghanistan completely of the heroin trade, Mexican unsalable article cartels started growing their own poppies in pastoral Mexico, using long-established smuggling routes to deluge the Unites States with high-degree white heroin. Mexican farmers turned to heroin in office because the growing trend of legalized marijuana in the United States was sharp into the pot business. Recreational or of medicine marijuana has been approved by voters in the District of Columbia and 23 U.S. states, through Colorado, Washington state, Alaska and Oregon completely legalizing the drug. Greenhouse-grown American pot, more potent and higher quality than marijuana from Mexico, forced the cartels to turn to harder drugs like heroin and meth to stay in avocation.   This Is Heroin on Steroids The heroin that U.S. soldiers encountered in Vietnam in the 1960s and 1970s may hold been 5 percent pure drug cut with fillers. But the heroin future from Mexico now commonly ranges from 50 percent to to the degree that much as 80 percent pure. The higher the honesty level, the higher the risk of overdose, especially ~ the sake of unsuspecting addicts.   Maybe Nancy Reagan Was Right After All Florida Rep. John Mica, like many other Republicans, blames today’s overdose conjuncture in part on the Obama administration’s judgment to relax some elements of the country’s decades-~-spun “War on Drugs.” Mica has said the president has sent mixed signals attached drug use, especially marijuana, which the GOP congressman called a gateway to heroin. The “Just Say No,” anti-remedy slogan of the Reagan administration, Mica lamented at Tuesday’s House Oversight and Government Reform Committee opportunity to be heard, has become “Just say OK.”   Racism in the Reaction?  Rep. Elijah E. Cummings, a murky Democrat from Baltimore, noted during the corresponding; of like kind hearing that the country seems greater degree empathetic now toward those swept up in addiction and trafficking than at what time his hometown was ravaged by medicine wars 20 years ago. “In Baltimore, at which place many of the victims were unproductive and black … We incarcerated a family rather than giving them the method of treating they needed,” Cummings said. “Between 2006 and 2013, the count of first-time heroin users meanly doubled, and about 90 percent of these at the outset-time users were white.”   People Are Dying at Alarming Rates Politicians, formula enforcement officials and medical professionals may quarrel on the root causes, but in that place is little disagreement that the inhabitants, from New Hampshire to Ohio to Florida, is in the middle of an opioid crisis. According to the Department of Health and Human Services, human nature rates from unintentional drug overdose bring forth risen steadily since the early 1970s, by opioid abuse claiming five times more lives at once than during the “black tar” heroin prevalent of the mid-1970s. From 2000 to 2014 closely half a million Americans died from drug overdoses, the Centers for Disease Control reported in December. Opioid overdose deaths, including the two opioid pain relievers and heroin, blow record levels in 2014 — an estimated 28,000 lives lost. That’s up from less than 6,000 in 2001. The House is considering a sweeping anti-opioid-abuse measure that passed the Senate 94-1 earlier this month. The $600 the great body of the people legislation would expand access to usage and provide local communities with an overdose antidote called naloxone. The White House, in its proposed 2017 assortment, had sought $1.1 billion, boundary even the less-costly Senate hedge-~ is stalled in the House more than budgetary concerns.

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