Camilla Forsberg

camilla

Camilla grew up in Sweden, and got her undergraduate station from University of Central Florida, her regulate degree from University of Wisconsin, Madison, and her PhD at Stanford University. She has her confess lab at UCSC as a biomolecular engineering professor and really enjoys working. She likes being outdoors, the ocean, hiking, biking, skiing, and traveling.

Starting in lofty school, where did you go to strong-flavored school and was it a men or private school?

I went to on ~ school in Hallestad, Sweden, and it was a common school

Did they have similar math and knowledge of principles courses as we have in the United States?

In Sweden, you wince high school in 10th grade, and you’ve before that time chosen a track. I was in a science track. I still took history and english people and things like that but it was a body of knowledge and engineering focused curriculum.

When did you decide that you wanted to have ~ing on that science track?

When I was about 16

When you entered college, did you last on that science track?

So this superior school track, what we call the seminary in Sweden, I went to in spite of four years. That gave me ~y equivalent of an AA degree to this place. Then I took a couple years off–I traveled. And therefore I went to college as a chemist. I was a chemistry major but I was always interested in biochemistry. So my stress for all my electives was towards biochemistry.

What’s the controversy between chemistry and biochemistry?

Biochemistry is the chemistry of biological systems. Generally, chemistry have power to be something like oil production nevertheless biochemistry is the chemistry of estate organisms.

So you got a division in chemistry?

I went to the seminary of learning for one year in Sweden, and afterwards I was going to do a year abroad for a like rea~n I transferred to the University of Central Florida. I stayed and experienced my degree there. So I got a station in chemistry

During your time in information classes in college, were your classes evenly distributed ~ dint of. gender?

It was pretty even, not in addition skewed. Maybe a few more males but nothing that I thought about

Did you hold mostly male teachers or even staminate and female?

Little bit of the one and the other but mostly male

What’s later college?

After college, I went to adjust school. I chose a molecular pharmacology program–I went to University of Wisconsin, Madison–on this account that I felt like it was a broadly to be applied field, and that’s kind of to what extent they sold it at the time. I didn’t completely mean what that entailed. I thought I was going to be in action on endocrine systems like steroid secretion and signaling for the reason that that’s what I wanted to observe. I was really into physiology and laboring out. But there wasn’t anybody who had a absolutely great lab working on that that I liked later than I got there. So I switched a small bit into different fields. I was studying transcriptional disposition, basically how genes are transcribed and the mechanisms of that. That took five years to go my PhD.

What’s the transition from that to here at UCSC?

So therefore I went and did a postdoc against six years at Stanford University. As a confer a degree upon student, I sort of studied of biochemistry–the biochemistry of transcriptional disposure. At Stanford, I wanted to learn in addition cell biology so I kind of went from a chemist to a biochemist to a lonely dwelling biologist. I got six years of breeding there, and then I did unbroken animal systems–understanding much more science of the functions of animals and vegetables and cell biology. Then I got the site here at UC Santa Cruz viewed like a professor in biomolecular engineering, which doesn’t mean that I vouchsafe anything really different from what I practised for. It’s basically the position. But it’s a little queer for a cell biologist to exist appointed in an engineering school.

Did you consider to get a teaching degree?

No. One of the farcical things about this job is that we aren’t absolutely taught teaching.

How did you configuration out how to teach?

Well I’ve been session in a lot of classes. We veritably don’t have any formal education or degree in teaching at quite. We have a lot of drill in giving talks and presenting our system of knowledge. So we have that–both in hand and oral presentations. Because with literary production, that’s for getting grants and to scrawl research reports and to publish, and that’s necessary to get this job. So I have in mind the assumption is that if you have power to do that, you can also tutor. I’m trained as a scientist no more than I don’t do any lab be in action anymore. I design experiments, and I interpret experiments but I don’t really do it.

What is a emblematic day for you job wise?

I be about to a lot of meetings. I subject of discourse to the people that work since me. Having a lab is a in a small degree like having a small business. So I possess nine full time people working during the term of me, including four graduate students, three postdocs, and brace research technicians, and undergraduate students that moil with them. They do most of the experiments of things in agitation with me on what we’re going to act and how we’re going to design them. I bruit to them about their data. I comprehend their experiments. They come to me by graph data, and we write papers and print and offer for sale them. We write proposals to bring about experiments. I spent a big chunk of today penmanship a progress report on a concede that we have from the NIH–every year, if you have a give , you have to write a progress sound on that project.

What’s the greatest number recent research that you’re lab’s doing?

We carry on a few different things. We study hematopoietic family cell transplantation therapies. Bone marrow transplants are typically given to the bulk of mankind that have cancer of the offspring system, like leukemia. What we chouse for people that don’t accord well to drugs to eradicate the cancer is to radiated or give the person a to a high degree high dose of chemotherapy so that they basically kill all the blood cells in their corpse. Then, for the person not to die, we either give them hematopoietic cells from someone else or cells from that person that you’ve ~tle aside before the treatment.

What indulgent of cells?

Bone marrow. You can harvest them from the bone essence. The cells that make red kin cells, T cells, B cells, platelets, and every one of those cells that float in your bloodstream live in the bone essence. There’s a couple ways to breed to those cells to give them to someone else or yourself. One is to exercise a hole into the bone and rub some out, stick them in the freezer, accord. the person chemotherapy, and then accord. them back to them because hereafter they haven’t been radiated. With cancer, you’re loath to do that because then you power give back the cancer cells such you often get them from a person of consequence else. So you can take cells from that person forthwith from the bone or you be possible to give that person who is going to donate a unite different drugs–GCSF and AMD 31. If you give a person those two drugs beneficial to a few days, the stem cells that are usually in the bone essence go out into the bloodstream. Then you assemble them by blood, and inject the cells into the cancer persistent to save them and give them a just discovered blood system. Then they can turn to almost 100% genetically you in provisions of blood. We study the series of measures of the cells being taken aloud and going back in. We try to mean how to improve this movement of the cells from the bone to the children and then how they go from the madcap back to the bone when you remove them. So we do a fifty-four feet of transplantations in mice–we invite it mobilization of transplantation. We study the cells and sunder them from each other and try to conceive what’s different between them and how we can manipulate them so that they be disposed go where we want them.

How drawn out do you spend on research like that?

Years, usually. Because I be in possession of several different people, I have possibly four big projects that two or three the bulk of mankind work on at a time for a like rea~n there’s lots of things happening.

Aside from the study that you’re doing, do you be delivered of a favorite discovery or research that you reasoning was super cool?

There’s a the great body of the people things. We were talking about, upper the dinner the other night, pancreatic cancer–individual of the worst cancers there is. There’s a fresh finding that I just heard relating to a few days ago where they found an enzyme that’s upregulated in cancer that is responsible for the drug resistance of pancreatic cancers. They had construct an inhibitor to that enzyme in such a manner that now they can make the pancreatic cancer cells impressible to a drug. That’s a thing you can find doing basic research to understand the difference between erect cells and pancreatic cancer cells. Now the cancer cells enjoin be susceptible to existing drugs that we even now have that don’t work excessively well

Do you think being a woman has negatively impacted your experience in science? Do you think it’s made it harder during the term of you to succeed since it is a staminate dominated field?

I think yes, and the intellectual powers I think yes is because in that place is very solid scientific evidence towards that. So if I said none, I would be saying that I don’t put confidence in the data. But they have performed studies many, many, many times–fair simple things like having people re-survey grant proposals and they just modify the name from a female to a male animal name, and the males are scored advantage, even with the exact same proposition. So it has basically been proven. But what they also show is that it’s not excepting that males that do that. Females effect that to ourselves. But personally, perform I feel like I’m hampered? Not to the extent that I think about it. I esteem there are definitely differences between men and women that go us do things a little differently at a past period but it’s not a swelling deterrent. There is a big become greater in the number of women in the same state it’s not like I’m the and nothing else one. There’s a good hazardous mass of colleagues that are self-same, very accomplished so it doesn’t indeed bother me very much.

If you could tell girls who are interested in knowledge but are unsure if they should stick to it anything, what would you affirmation?

What I see that people are absolutely unsure about is that you have ~ing like you are so committed to mould a life decision very early further that’s not actually very well and good because you kind of change it and mould it the way you want to to the degree that you go along. Everyone does that, and you acquire to do that. It’s not at the same time that huge a commitment as you potency think. If you keep that in mind and you go with what you like at present and do it well, you be possible to do whatever you want next year or five years from at present or ten years from now. I’m tranquil thinking about what I want to have existence. It just feels like such a vast commitment to pick a major and to ruminate “I’m not sure I inadequacy to do this till I’m sixty”. But it’s not singly you that changes, the fields vary. Nobody knew that everyone was going to exist a computer scientists or, with IPS cells, we be favored with been able to turn mature cells into elementary corpuscle stems. They can then become at all other cell again, and that’s a bulky field. That was only accomplished ten years since; 2006 was the first time. And now tons of people work on that. Of point of compass you couldn’t prepare for that for the reason that you didn’t know that was going to come. Just don’t think about it while a huge commitment. Do what you want–what’s drollery now. Anything you’re good at, you demise have use for.

It was given from the possible sanctions of pharmacological gps.

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