Calotropis for green manure

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~ dint of.  Dr.A.Jagadeesh – Director Nayudamma Centre in spite of Development Alternatives


2/210 First Floor,Nawabpet – NELLORE- 524 002, Andhra Pradesh – INDIA



With the coming of christ of chemical fertilisers, “Green manure” habit  has declined, especially in paddy cultivation.

Calotropis (Calotropis gigantea and C. procera) occurs widely on the roadside and along railway footmark sides. It can also be grown in wither lands.

In the olden days men use to put it in fields for harvesting and before ploughing for the next crop. The latex in Calotropis is antibiotic. If it falls in c~tinuance skin, blisters develop. On RATHA SAPTAMI (Festival Day) the multitude put the leaves of Calotropis ~ward shoulders and then take a bath. Moreover, whether any thorn is struck in the leg, people cover it with the latex of Calotropis and the nuisance comes to the surface.

In Punjab, to turn out the hair from the skin of goats, lower classes put the haired skin in dirt along with Calotropis leaves. The hair is secluded after a week. Based on this fountain-head, Central Leather Research Institute’s scientists detached the pigment from Calotropis latex and patented it. Today this is the sole chemical used to dehair goat skins.

In groundnut (peanut) fields the “Red Hairy Caterpillar” is a huge menace. It comes out in the death and eats the groundnut leaves. In the set time time, it digs a hole and hides internal the soil. Local people put Calotropis leaves here and there in the groundnut fields. After corrosive the leaves, the Red Hairy Caterpillar’s farther regeneration is averted. Obviously the latex in the Calotropis be obliged to be playing the trick. I suggested to ICARDA in India and FAO to transport out research on this in the 70s.

This regenerative multiple-conversion to an act plant should be put to fair use. My concept is “Leaf To Root Approach” of liberal available resources.

imgresCalotropîs procera –

My present proposal with Calotropis

We have a biogas plant since 30 years and have a account of cattle in our village. The slurry afterward dried is mixed with soil and used during the time that natural manure for our mango and coconut trees. Since we gain sizeable quantities of slurry,we are burying the leaves of Calotropis under the slurry and irrigate it now and then so that the breed leaves putrify and mix up with the slurry. After a month we thrust the slurry with the putrified Calotropis, mix and make ~ it for a few days. Then the flourishing manure is used for our mango trees (with respect to 6 years old) and the coconut trees.

Objectives of verdant manuring

To add N to the companion or succeeding crop and add or bear organic matter in the soil.

Information On Calotropis Procera

By Bonnie L. Grant

Calotropis is a bush or tree with lavender flowers and bark of the-like bark. The wood yields a stringy substance that is used for fasten, fishing line and thread. It also has tannins, latex, rubber and a stain that are used in industrial practices. The shrub is considered a free from noxious plants in its native India but has too been used traditionally as a therapeutical plant. It has numerous colorful names so as Sodom Apple, Akund Crown prime and Dead Sea Fruit, but the scientific name is Calotropis procera.

Appearance of Calotropis procera

Calotropis procera is a woody perennial that carries white or lavender flowers. The branches are twisting and bark of the-like in texture. The plant has ash colored bark covered with white fuzz. The plant has of ~-green large leaves that grow opposite on the stems. The flowers expand at the tops of apical stems and make accrue fruits.

The fruit of Calotropis procera is elliptical and curved at the ends of the pods. The young is also thick and, when opened, it is the spring of thick fibers that have been made into be ropy and used in a multitude of ways.

Calotropis procera uses in ayurvedic remedy

Ayurvedic medicine is a traditional Indian customary course of healing. The Indian Journal of Pharmacology has produced a study steady the effectiveness of extracted latex from Calotropis about fungal infections caused by Candida. These infections usually direction to morbidity and are common in India for a like rea~n the promise of properties in Calotropis procera is bid ~ news.

Mudar root bark is the threadbare form of Calotropis procera that you pleasure find in India. It is made by drying the root and then removing the bark of the bark. In India the plant is also used to banquet leprosy and elephantiasis. Mudar root is moreover used for diarrhea and dysentery.

Green cropping by Calotropis procera

Calotropis procera grows of the same kind with a weed in many areas of India, excepting it is also purposefully planted. The plant’s eradicate system has been shown to dismiss up and cultivate cropland. It is a serviceable green manure and will be planted and plowed in control the “real” crop is sown.

Calotropis procera improves soils nutrients and improves wetness binding, an important property in some of the more arid croplands of India. The point is tolerant of dry and salty terms and can easily be established in across cultivated areas to help improve the daub conditions and reinvigorate the land.

Green Manures

Green manures are every excellent source of nitrogen and micronutrients. It is humble cost manuring, called the poor farmer’s guano. It improves the soil structure and instrumental matter in the soil. It is one excellent remedy for the alkaline and salt soils. It improves the soil luxuriance. It also prevents the nitrogen forfeiture by soil erosion. It improves the taint aeration and organic matter content. It improves the bemire structure. It stimulates the growth of beneficial microbes and other begrime organisms. Green manures are playing ~y effective role in controlling weeds.

Other objectives of unripe manures:

They can be used because catch crops, shade crops, forage, integument crops.

Types of green manuring:

1.Green leaf manuring crops
2.Green manuring in situ crops

Green leaf manuring crops:

They are raised in other locations, collected as verdant biomass and added to the bedaub. They have to be incorporated in the besmear by fine ploughing. The crops should be cut during the flowering stage. Some of the fresh leaf manure crops are ,

1. Pongamia glabra (Pungam)
2. Tephrosia perpuria
3. Calotropis gigantia (Erukku)
  4. Gliricidia maculata
5. Ipomea carnea
6. Azadirachta indica (Neem)
7. Leucaena leucocephala (Subabul)
8. Cassia pistula
9. Indigofera teysmannii

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