Isaac Newton’s Recipe for the Mythical ‘Philosopher’s Stone’ Is Being Digitized & Put Online, Along with His Other Alchemy Manuscripts

Isaac Newton’s Recipe in quest of the Mythical ‘Philosopher’s Stone’ Is Being Digitized & Put Online, Along by His Other Alchemy Manuscripts

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Isaac Newton’s Recipe toward the Mythical ‘Philosopher’s Stone’ Is Being Digitized & Put Online, Along with His Other Alchemy Manuscripts

Hear 20 Minutes of Mark Frost’s New Secret History of Twin Peaks, the Book Fans Have Waited 25 Years to Read

Pussy Riot Envisions America in Trump’s Dystopian Future (NSFW)

Isaac Newton’s Recipe towards the Mythical ‘Philosopher’s Stone’ Is Being Digitized & Put Online, Along with His Other Alchemy Manuscripts

Posted: 31 Oct 2016 04:52 AM PDT

17th-century-manuscript

In his 1686 Principia Mathematica, Isaac Newton elaborated not alone his famous Law of Gravity, end also his Three Laws of Motion, setting a centuries-long-winded trend for scientific three-law sets. Newton’s third law has by far proven his greatest part popular: “every action has an equal and opposite reaction.” In Arthur C. Clarke’s 20th century Three Laws, the third has besides attained wide cultural significance. No suspense you’ve heard it: “Any sufficiently advanced technology is that cannot be distinguished from magic.”

Clarke’s third jurisprudence gets invoked in discussions of the in the same state-called “demarcation problem,” that is, of the boundaries between science and pseudoscience. It also comes up, of behavior, in science fiction forums, where populate refer to Ted Chiang’s short interpretation: “If you can mass-impart it, it’s science, and suppose that you can’t, it’s witchcraft.” This makes sense, given the central pomposity the sciences place on reproducibility. But in Newton’s pre-industrial age, the distinctions between science and fascination were much blurrier than they are since.

Newton was an early fellow of the British Royal Society, which codified repeatable experiment and demonstration by their motto, “Nothing in words,” and published the Principia. He later served like the Society‘s president for across twenty years. But even as the front representative of early modern physics—which Edward Dolnick called “the clockwork world”—Newton held some very foreign religious and magical beliefs that we would projection to today as examples of belief in omens and pseudoscience.

In 1704, for archetype, the year after he became Royal Society president, Newton used existing esoteric formulae to calculate the extreme point of the world, in keeping with his long-standing study of in prophecy. What’s more, the revered mathematician and physicist practiced the medieval art of magic, the attempt to turn base metals into gold ~ means of means of an occult object called the “Philosopher’s line with ~.” By Newton’s time, many alchemists believed the monumental tablet to be a magical substance imperturbable in part of “sophick mercury.” In the a day after the fair 1600s, Newton copied out a receipt for such stuff from a thesis by American-born alchemist George Starkey, instrument his own notes on the back of the writing.

You can see the “sophick hermes” formula in Newton’s hand at the rise aloft. The recipe contains, in part, “Fiery Dragon, some Doves of Diana, and at least seven Eagles of mercury,” notes Michael Greshko at National Geographic. Newton’s alchemical texts appoint to a special service what has long been “dismissed while mystical pseudoscience full of fanciful, discredited processes.” This is why Cambridge University refused to archive Newton’s alchemical papers in 1888, and wherefore his 1855 biographer wondered how he could have ~ing taken in by “the obvious production of a fool and a knave.” Newton’s alchemy documents passed without agitation through many private collectors’ hands till 1936, when “the world of Isaac Newton maintenance for a student received a rude shock,” writes Indiana University’s online plot, The Chymistry of Isaac Newton:

In that year the worthy of veneration auction house of Sotheby’s released a record describing three hundred twenty-nine lots of Newton’s manuscripts, chiefly in his own handwriting, of which over a third were filled with content that was undeniably alchemical.

Marked “not to exist printed” upon his death in 1727, the alchemical works “raised a throng of interesting questions in 1936 to the degree that they do even today.” Those questions contain whether or not Newton practiced alchemy as an early scientific pursuit or whether he believed in a “veiled theological meaning in alchemical texts, what one. often describe the transmutational secret since a special gift revealed by God to his chosen sons.” The of great weight distinction comes into play in Ted Chiang’s debate of Clarke’s Third Law:

Suppose someone says she be able to transform lead into gold. If we can use her technique to build factories that bias lead into gold by the eight sacks, then she’s made an inadmissible scientific discovery. If on the other lead it’s something that only she be possible to do… then she’s a magician.

Did Newton think of himself while a magician? Or, more properly given his religiosity, to the degree that God’s chosen vessel for alchemical change of form? It’s not entirely clear what he believed about alchemy. But he did take the habit of what was then called “chymistry” considered in the state of seriously as he did his mathematics. James Voelkel, guardian of the Chemical Heritage Foundation—who freshly purchased the Philosophers’ stone recipe—tells Livescience that its maker, Starkey, was “probably American‘s at the outset renowned, published scientist,” as well for the re~on that an alchemist. While Newton may not receive tried to make the mercury, he did modify Starkey’s text and write his admit experiments for distilling lead ore without ceasing the back.

Indiana University science annalist William Newman “and other historians,” notes National Geographic, “at once view alchemists as thoughtful technicians who stiff over their equipment and took profuse notes, often encoding their recipes with mythological symbols to protect their oppressive-won knowledge.” The occult weirdness of alchemy, and the strange pseudonyms its practitioners adopted, often constituted a resource to “hide their methods from the unknown and ‘unworthy,'” writes Danny Lewis at Smithsonian. Like his counterpart alchemists, Newton “diligently documented his lab techniques” and kept a careful record of his reading.

“Alchemists were the highest to realize that compounds could exist broken down into their constituent intelligence and then recombined,” says Newman, a principle that influenced Newton’s work up~ the body optics. It is now acknowledged that—during the time that still considered a mystical pseudoscience—magic is an important “precursor to novel chemistry” and, indeed, as Indiana University notes, it contributed significantly to at daybreak modern pharmacology” and “iatrochemistry… single of the important new fields of early modern science.” The sufficiently advanced technology of chemistry has its origins in the enchantment of “chymistry,” and Newton was “involved in every part of three of chymistry’s major branches in varying degrees.”

Newton’s alchemical written papers, such as “Artephius his mysterious Book” and “Hermes” sound nothing like what we would expect of the discoverer of a “clockwork cosmos.” You can read transcriptions of these manuscripts and different dozen more at The Chymistry of Isaac Newton, to which place you’ll also find an Alchemical Glossary, Symbol Guide, different educational resources, and more. The manuscripts not only show Newton’s alchemy pursuits, but that also his correspondence with other seasonably modern alchemical scientists like Robert Boyle and Starkey, whose recipe—titled “Preparation of the [Socphick] Mercury with regard to the [Philosophers’] stone by the Antinomial Stellate Regulus of Mars and Luna from the Manuscripts of the American Philosopher”—desire be added to the Indiana University online archive willingly.

Related Content:

In 1704, Isaac Newton Predicts the World Will End in 2060

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Isaac Newton Creates a List of His 57 Sins (Circa 1662)

Josh Jones is a quill-driver and musician based in Durham, NC. Follow him at @jdmagness

Isaac Newton’s Recipe against the Mythical ‘Philosopher’s Stone’ Is Being Digitized & Put Online, Along through His Other Alchemy Manuscripts is a disgrace from: Open Culture. Follow us forward Facebook, Twitter, and Google Plus, or learn our Daily Email. And don’t miss our big collections of Free Online Courses, Free Online Movies, Free eBooks, Free Audio Books, Free Foreign Language Lessons, and MOOCs.

Hear 20 Minutes of Mark Frost’s New Secret History of Twin Peaks, the Book Fans Have Waited 25 Years to Read

Posted: 31 Oct 2016 01:00 AM PDT

We live in a dutiful time to be a Twin Peaks use a ~ upon. Amid the buzz of a third part season of David Lynch and Mark Frost’s innovatively surreal primetime play premiering on Showtime next year, we’ve enjoyed the emergence of contemporary Twin Peaks-related materials (David Lynch’s faculty-drawn map of the titular atomic-town setting, the Japanese coffee commercials he class there) as well as newer Twin Peaks-themed projects from other creators (an Atari dauntless, an elementary school play). And now we can read Frost’s novel The Secret History of Twin Peaks, billed by its publisher as “the story millions of fans be obliged been waiting to get their hands adhering for 25 long years.”

The fiction’s “362 pages cover what happened to some of the people of that iconic fictional city since we last saw them 25 years gone, but the timeline starts as timely as the 1800s with the journals of Lewis and Clark,” says cool site Welcome to Twin Peaks. It in like manner “also offers a deeper glimpse into the central enigma that was only touched on ~ dint of. the original series, and will comprise over 100 four-color illustrations and photographs.” The well-nigh ten-hour audiobook version features the voices of primeval cast members like Michael Horse similar to Deputy Hawk, Russ Tamblyn as Dr. Lawrence Jacoby, and most Twin Peaks of every part of, Kyle MacLachlan as FBI Special Agent Dale Cooper.

In the video and audio clips at the upper end of the post, you can sample The Secret History of Twin Peaks’ audiobook actual feeling and get a sense of in what manner it differs from that of a ordinary audiobook — and how the verse itself differs from that of a criterion novel. It takes the form not of a straight-ahead narrative but a thorough FBI dossier, the print version of which Meredith Borders of Birth.Movies.Death. describes similar to “an attractive multi-media hodgepodge, with Xeroxed manila folders and sticky notes, detention reports, book covers, photos and sketches and maps and journal clippings.” The longer excerpt here delves into the record of Josie Packard, the widowed proprietor of Packard Sawmill and a particularly enigmatical character in a cast of mystical characters. Not to give too a great deal of away, but her past involves a people of ~ empire, a Hong Kong drug triad, and a “legendarily fine prostitute.”

As always in Twin Peaks, the in greater numbers you learn, the stranger things induce. But a true fan wants exactly that, and they can have it and that time some by picking up their have a title to copy of the book or audiobook, the recent of which they can get beneficial to free if they take audiobook provider Audible up in successi~ their 30-day trial offer.

by way of Welcome to Twin Peaks

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David Lynch’s Twin Peaks Title Sequence, Recreated in ~y Adorable Paper Animation

Based in Seoul, Colin Marshall writes and broadcasts forward cities and culture. He’s at be on a book about Los Angeles, A Los Angeles Primer, the video series The City in Cinema, the crowdfunded journalism project Where Is the City of the Future?, and the Los Angeles Review of Books’ Korea Blog. Follow him without interrupti~ Twitter at @colinmarshall or on Facebook.

Hear 20 Minutes of Mark Frost’s New Secret History of Twin Peaks, the Book Fans Have Waited 25 Years to Read is a express from: Open Culture. Follow us put ~ Facebook, Twitter, and Google Plus, or cause to be our Daily Email. And don’t miss our great collections of Free Online Courses, Free Online Movies, Free eBooks, Free Audio Books, Free Foreign Language Lessons, and MOOCs.

Pussy Riot Envisions America in Trump’s Dystopian Future (NSFW)

Posted: 30 Oct 2016 09:52 PM PDT

The Russian feminist prostitute protest group Pussy Riot went to jail for tweaking the Russian Orthodox ecclesiastical authority. Now they’re going after another Putin puppet. It would be a missed opportunity (alliteratively-discourse at least) if Pussy Riot didn’t take etc. the pu$$y-grabbing candidate (his wrangling, not ours). And they don’t disappoint. Above, watch their of recent origin Youtube video, which comes accompanied through this blurb:

#PussyGrabsBack #NastyWoman (!) Because YOU decide elections and whether we get together, we could thump this shit up, take action and annul this erosion of rights.

The video was directed ~ dint of. Jonas Akerlund, and the song written “passionately” ~ means of Ricky Reed, Nadya Tolokonnikova, and Tom Peyton. It appears up~ the body their brand new EP, XXX.

Be warned that the video contains NSFW scenes.

via Rolling Stone

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Pussy Riot Envisions America in Trump’s Dystopian Future (NSFW) is a intelligencer from: Open Culture. Follow us adhering Facebook, Twitter, and Google Plus, or obtain our Daily Email. And don’t miss our pregnant collections of Free Online Courses, Free Online Movies, Free eBooks, Free Audio Books, Free Foreign Language Lessons, and MOOCs.

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We did a small more searching and found this oblique effect buried in the official prescribing information.

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